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Solan burn victim Muskan adopted for treatment, social rehabilitation, education

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SHIMLA- On April 7, HW had posted a message requesting people to extend help to save a little girl, Muskaan, who is struggling for her life at IGMC, Shimla after receiving over 50% burns as her father threw kerosene stove on her during a domestic quarrel. We immediately approached her and offered little help that we could and also posted a message on HW’s FB Page and Twitter requesting others to come ahead. We are happy to know that this little angel is now slowly recovering and has been adopted by the Umang Foundation for her treatment, education, and social rehabilitation

The message was shared a lot on social media but, you see; only a few actually appeared to help her. Other than some individuals including HW members, who visited Muskan to offer help, the issue was picked up by the Chairman of Umang Foundation, Ajai Shrivastva.

MUSKAN BURN CASE

Also, Child Helpline Shimla (Helpline No. 1098) approached for the help on the same day and delivered immediate monetary assistance.

Solan burn victim Muskan adopted for treatment, social rehabilitation, education

Ajai Shrivastva made sure this poverty stricken laborer family receives free medicines and food. Yesterday, Umang Foundation raised the issue regarding the lack of protection of rights and appropriate health services for the migrant laborers. Addressing a press conference today, Ajai Srivastava, chairman of the Foundation, announced that the organization will adopt ‘Muskan’ for her treatment, social rehabilitation and education.

Umang Foundation said that Muskan is struggling for her life in the Indira Gandhi Medical College hospital. Her father, who is suffering from mental sickness, all of a sudden spilled kerosene in the chullha (mud stove) in Solan, resulting in severe burns to her. The Foundation has urged the chief minister to create a policy to protect right to life of migrant labourers and their families by ensuring free hospitalization and treatment in case of any medical emergency.

A few days ago another girl child Shreya (8), daughter of a migrant labourer from U.P. had died of poisoning in the same hospital and her father had to sell out his small land to meet the expenses of her treatment. Thousands of poor migrant labourers from Bihar, U.P., Jharkhand and other states are playing a major role in the development of Himachal Pradesh. But when they or their family members need hospitalization, there is nobody to bear expenditure of the treatment. The support from hospitals in shape of medicines is negligible.

muskaan case
The Article 21 of the Indian Constitution guarantees right to life to every citizen of the country, and right to health is an inseparable part of right to life. It is a constitutional duty of the government to protect every fundamental right of individuals including right to life and health. The Supreme Court of India in its numerous judgments, including Pt. Paramnand Vs Union of India case (1990), has emphasized that it is an obligation on the government to protect life because it’s the most precious gift of God.

Ajai Srivastava, in a letter to chief minister Virbhadra Singh, said that the government must come out with a policy to provide free medical treatment to migrant labourers and their families. He suggested him to create an online data base and profile of all migrant labourers and their family members and issue identification number to every such individual because they don’t have BPL or IRDP cards. All civil hospitals should have a cell to take care of poor migrant labourer patients and their family members in need of hospitalization and ensure free treatment. Cases of medical emergency with migrant labourers and their family members are common in all the districts.

Sharing the horrifying tale of Muskan, he said that the incident occurred on 5th April when her mentally sick father immediately ran away from the spot after spilling out kerosene in the chullah. Muskan received severe burn injuries. On the same day she was admitted to IGMC. Her condition is still critical. She has an elder brother (11) and a sister of 16 months with her in the hospital. Her maternal uncle Roopesh, who repairs cycle punctures in Motihari district in Bihar, has come for help. Umang Foundation has ensured every humanitarian support to Muskan and others in the family. It has also decided to adopt little Muskan for her treatment, education and social rehabilitation.

Ajai Srivastava has also written to the District Magistrate of Solan for mental health examination of Muskan’s father under the provision of the Mental Health Act, 1987 and to ensure his treatment so that he does not harm himself or others in future.

We are thankful to all who came ahead to extend assistance to this poor family. However, we have serious question regarding HP Govt.’s handling of people suffering from mental disorders. Often, they are chases away from police station instead of referring them for proper checkup. Not only police, but people also lack awareness regarding mental health, and negligence on the part of our Govt. results in such disasters as it happened with Muskaan.

Madan has studied English Literature and Journalism from HP University and lives in Shimla. He is an amateur photographer and has been writing on topics ranging from environmental, socio-economic, development programs, education, eco-tourism, eco-friendly lifestyle and to green technologies for over 9 years now. He has an inclination for all things green, wonderful and loves to live in solitude. When not writing, he can be seen wandering, trying to capture the world around him in his DSLR lens.

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Here is What CM Jairam and MLA Dhawala Said While Proposing Legalization of Cannabis (Hemp) Cultivation in Himachal

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Cm jairam on cannabis legalization at budget session

Shimla-As usual, while the Budget presented by the Himachal Pradesh Government for the 2021-22 financial year is being hailed by legislators and leaders of Bharatiya Janata Party, the oppositions are terming it an eye-wash and a directionless budget. As usual, the budget speech contains a plethora of promises including filling up about 30,000 functional posts and constructing 12,000 news houses for the poor.

However, there is one proposal that deserves appreciation in particular. Not only it would open more doors of employment in rural areas, but could also prove to be a crucial decision in revolutionizing the state economy. A potential source of income that remained untapped.

It’s about permitting commercial hemp cultivation in the state. In his budget speech, Chief Minister Jairam Thakur told the House that the State Government would frame a policy to legalize hemp cultivation.

“Commercial hemp cultivation is permitted & regulated in many countries and in some States in India. This creates investment and employment opportunities. State Government proposes to frame a policy to permit commercial hemp cultivation with the proper regulatory framework,” he said during his budget speech on March 6, 2021.

The State High Court had already given its nod and put the ball in State Government’s court by stating that it has no objection over permitting the cultivation of industrial and medicinal hemp. Himachal Watcher had covered the issue when it was in court.

It’s pertinent to mention here that Hemp is one of the varieties of Cannabis sativa, which cannot be used as a psychoactive substance to get high. In simple words, it would not get you high even if you try to do so by smoking it because it contains negligible amount (.3%) of the psychoactive substance Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Also Read: Misconceptions keep Himachal from making fortune on ‘green gold’ and eradicate charas mafia

On March 5, 2021, Ramesh Chand Dhawala, MLA of Jawalamukhi constituency, introduced a resolution in the Budget Session proposing the legalization of the cultivation of hemp.  He had argued over the benefits of doing so at a length. Chief Minister Jairam Thakur had also agreed that the state should frame a policy and undertake the cultivation of cannabis in a controlled manner. Chief Minister had also said that cannabis is has a strong association with the culture of the state. He admitted that traditionally fibre obtained from cannabis plants, which is known as “Shail” was used to make ropes, shoes and matts. He mentioned how extracting cannabis oil to use it in winters with food or as body lotion was common practice. Further, these seeds were used to be a part of the famous Himachali cuisine “Siddu”, he mentioned.

“American Cancer Research Association has found that cannabis is effective in slowing down the development of brain tumour and lung and breast cancer,” he said in the House.

Further, he mentioned that the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) has remove cannabis from Schedule IV of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs — where it was listed alongside specific deadly, addictive opioids, including heroin, recognized as having little to no therapeutic purposes.

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Dhawala, prior to Chief Minister’s reply, told the house that the NDPS Act was introduced to check substance abuse, not to prevent the manufacturing of clothes and medicine. Traditionally, the cannabis plant was used locally to create clothing. Currently, he said, 70-80 percent of prisoners are booked under the NDPS Act. Record cases under NDPS have come to light in Kullu and Chamba for the illegal cultivation of cannabis.

Also Read: Industrial hemp can revolutionize Himachal’s economy, end war on drugs, says petition seeking legalization

These include poor people who remain behind bars for decades as trials take a huge amount of time. The use of cannabis as a drug is rising among youth who are getting addicted to it. Legalizing hemp cultivation can solve this problem along with opening new doors for employment, he told the House.

In higher hills, the rural people can harness only one crop as the land remains covered in a thick blanket of snow for six months. Which pushes these people to get indulged in illegal cultivation of cannabis and paddling of smokable substances extracted from cannabis plants, like charas and hashish, for livelihood.

While those who are caught with a quantity more than 100 grams and kingpins must be acted upon, there are youngsters who are booked for possessing even small quantities, he said.

Further, emphasizing on commercial use of hemp, he told the house that a large number of goods that can be manufactured from hemp in addition to cannabis oil, which is in huge demand in the international market for its medicinal use, can bring fortunes to the state and the rural population deprived of any other sources of income.

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He referred to other states like Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand etc. where the governments have framed policies to permit the cultivation of commercial hemp. He said industries have been established which uses this cultivated hemp, especially its oil for the manufacture of medicines.

Further, not only goods like cloth, shoes, furniture, ropes etc. but bricks can be manufactured by using waste material. These bricks are highly durable when combined with lime. He said these bricks have more strength, are light-weight and are waterproof. In Island, Mark and Spencer’s company constructed its showroom completely using these bricks and world-renowned car manufactures like Ford are also using hemp for manufacturing of car accessories, he said.

Also Read: Two Himachal Youngsters to Launch State’s First Hemp Start-up: An Online Market for Green Products

Dhwala also said that legalizing hemp cultivation can also revolutionize the clothing industry. In India, mostly cotton is used in the clothing industry. Cultivation of cotton requires double the land and four times the water required for the cultivation of hemp. Also, hemp can be harnessed within three to four months as compared to cotton which takes about nine months, he said.

He also referred to the mention of cannabis as a medicine in Vedas.  All parts of the cannabis plant – root, stem, leaves, fruit, seeds- are usable for various purposes. Ayurveda, in which cannabis is called ‘Vijaya’, also recommend use of cannabis for cancer, neurological diseases, bacterial infection etc. and modern science also verify it, he said. The United States of America is using cannabis-based medicines for the treatment of diseases like Parkinson’s, Autism, Alzheimerinn ol, and others related to dementia. Other foreign countries are also using it as a medicine to treat heart-blockage, he told the House. Further, it is also used to provide relief to people suffering from disorders like migraine and stress.

Back in old days, cannabis oil was used as a pain reliever to mothers during delivery, he added.

The cannabis plant is the only plant that has up to 80 percent polyunsaturated fatty acids and a high quantity of nutrients Omega-3, Omega- and Omega-9. Other than cannabis, only fish contains these nutrients.

India’s neighbouring country Nepal has realized the potential of this plant and has formed a separate ministry that looks into the cultivation of hemp.

“It’s a matter of surprise that clothing, bags, shoes etc. made of hemp in Nepal are sold at high prices in Dharamshala, McLeodganj, and Manali,” he said.

Instead of wasting time and energy of police force in uprooting cannabis plants and wasting them, the state government should permit its cultivation for industrial and medicinal use under Section 8, 10 and 14 of the NDPS Act, like it has been permitted in Uttarakhand, M.P , Orissa and some North Eastern States.

Scientists have confirmed that cannabis can be used for the treatment of cancer patients and to stimulate appetite in AIDS patients.

Clothing made of hemp fibre is known for its anti-bacterial features, which is why countries like Canada has patented undergarments made of hemp fibre, he said.
cannabis cultivation in himachal

He further argued that currently, the wood used for the manufacture of furniture takes years before it’s ready for use, while a hemp plant takes only four to five months. Comparatively cheaper furniture could be prepared from this plant, which would not only offer an alternate source of income and employment but also prevent deforestation.

Though the United Nations had prohibited cannabis cultivation from 1985 onwards, in 2020, the same organization has lifted the restriction on its cultivation considering its immensely beneficial medicinal use, he told the House.

This plant is in high demand in the international pharmaceutical market and this demand is only growing.

The ban on cultivation relates to using cannabis as a psychoactive drug, which is only one of its 400 characteristics. There are two sub-species of cannabis – one which has a high amount of THC and others which have a negligible amount of THC (.3%), he said. In Uttarakhand, the type of plant which is being cultivated possess a negligible amount of THC and, thus, can’t be used as a psychoactive substance, he said.

Though Himachal Pradesh is known for apple production, the fact is that the cultivation of apple is limited to only Kullu, Shimla, Kinnaur, Bharmaur etc.

He also compared it to alcohol in terms of hazards.

“People die after consuming alcohol, but I never heard that anyone ever died after consuming cannabis, “he argued.

Citing another example to control use of cannabis as a psychoactive substance, Dhawala said,

“People in a village that doesn’t have a legal liquor vendor start producing and selling home-made liquor. But if a legal liquor shop is allowed, it works as a deterrent for illegal production and sale.”

“Similarly, I believe that cultivation of cannabis should also be legalized so that not only people could get employment but also refrain from indulging in peddling, he said.

He also referred to the dependence of the State on debt taken from the Centre and said legalizing cannabis cultivation can help solve this problem.

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Shimla: Heavy Price Hike in Food, Tea, Snacks, Admin Says It No More Has Power to Regulate Rates

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Shimla-What is being reported as the result of not notifying certain rules of the Essential Commodities Act, a chaotic situation is arising in Shimla district, Himachal Pradesh. Though the district administration has not issued any notification regarding it, prices of vegetables, food, meat, tea, parantha, samosa/other snacks etc. have been increased arbitrarily by sellers . The government and the administration is not even aware of this situation, a media reports said.

Reports of over-charging owing to loss of control over the price of commodities are appearing from Shimla, especially the cities, for a couple of days. According to a report, this over-pricing is completely out of control as several dhabas, street-side vendors, tea stalls, and restaurants in Shimla are selling tea, parants, Samoas etc. at almost double the set rates.

According to the reports, where earlier a cup of tea cost Rs. 10, now Rs. 20 are being charged from consumers. Similarly, the cost of a parantha has been hiked upto Rs, 50 as compared to the previous rate of Rs. 20. The rate of a Samosa was reported to be Rs 20 – double the previous rate. While a thali/plate of food is being sold between Rs. 90 to 120 compared to the set rate of Rs. 60, people are paying upto Rs. 80 for chow mein.  

When asked about the matter, the Deputy Commissioner, Shimla, Aditya Negi, said that the district administration used to check the rates as per regular notifications issued related to two rules of the Essential Commodities Act. However, the HP Government has not issued any notification in this regard since December 2020. That is why, the district administration is neither able to decide the prices or take action/conduct checking, he explained. 

According to another report published on February 18, the district administration’s power to regulate prices of these commodities has been taken away as a result of abolishing two rules under the Essential Commodities Act. The report said that the state government is not in favour of issuing any such notification in this regard due to pressure from businessmen and traders.

The Food and Civil Supplies Department said that it hasn’t received any proposal to extend/renew Himachal Pradesh Hoarding and Profiteering Prevention Order,1977. However, ambiguity in information still prevails due to lack of any proper explanation from the government. 

The President of Vyopar Mandal, Inderjeet Singh, according to the report, justified the hikes saying that the cost of raw material has also gone up.  

It’s pertinent to mention that, in the absence of lack of any clarification regarding the issue, this over-charging business also being related to constant hike in petrol and diesel prices for the past 12 days. Transporters and suppliers are already raising their demand to hike their rates in view of rising cost of fuel.

Sanjay Chauhan, former Mayor of Shimla, condemned the current situation and blamed BJP Government’s “free market policy” for it.

“This is the policy of the BJP government of free-market economy. BJP government has withdrawn the Essential Commodities Act in the state and all the orders to check hoarding and profiteering are now ineffective. This has given free hand to market forces to overcharge and this will definitely promote price rise,” said Sanjay Chauhan.

“This action of government will affect the common man and particularly working people, daily wager and poor. This will force poor sections of society which is already in crisis due to economic crisis towards hunger,” he added.

“Government must immediately come with legislation to check prices particularly essential commodities and food items,” he demanded.

Other than food prices, a third report published on February 22, 2020, said that the hike in fuel prices is now hitting developmental works in the state. Contractors of the Public Works Department are demanding a hike in the cost of construction projects, the report said. The head of the association/union for contractors in Himachal Pradesh, Satish Kumar Vij, according to the report, said that the contractors have taken a hit due to the pandemic.

Now, due to the constant hike in the prices of petrol and diesel, they are compelled to pay a higher cost for hiring labour, transportation fare, and other works which require labourers, the report said.

If the government does not revise the rates, the contractors would have to face losses, Satish said. The report said that a delegation of the union would soon reach Chief Minister Jairam Thakur regarding their demand.    

Akhil Bharatiya Janwadi Mahila Samiti has also launched attack on the government, blaming it for putting more financial burden on commoners. Women are finding it hard to manage household expanses due to inflation in rates. The state government has also washed its hands off from the responsibility of regulating prices of commodities in the market, leaving people on the mercy of sellers/businessmen/traders, the Samiti said. 

“The BJP Government is indifferent towards the people and only misguiding them in the name of development. The government only focuses on diverting attention from critical issues,” said the Mahila Samiti in a press statement. 

“Amidst of pandemic, when crores of people have lost their jobs, the price hike is burning a hole in their pockets. The government need to take back this decision to abolish control of district administration on rates of food and other items of daily use. The fuel prices should be brought down to provide relief to the people, ” the statement said. 

No word regarding the issue has been issued by the government so far. Also, there is no clarity whether a fresh notification would be issued by the government or not.   

Moreover, the opposition also appears to be clueless as no statement regarding the issue has been released.

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After Uttarakhand Tragedy, Several Orgs., Activists Yet Again Express Fear Over Hydro Projects Planned in Himachal’s Ecologically Fragile Regions

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Uttarakhand Tragedy: ‘Natural disaster’ or ‘Willful Negligence’? Asks Environmental Activists and Organizations in Himachal Pradesh

Shimla-After a massive flood trigger by what is being called a “glacier bust” swept hydropower plant in Uttarakhand’s Chamoli on February 7, 2021, over 200 workers working at the project site or inside the tunnel are missing, including 10 persons from Himachal Pradesh. So far, bodies of 32 men have been recovered, and it is feared that the number could go higher as rescue operations are still underway. 

Though Centre Government suggests that an avalanche occurred in the upper catchment of Rishiganga River, a tributary of Alaknanda River in Chamoli District of Uttarakhand, which led to a sudden rise in the water level of the Rishiganga River, the real cause  is unknown. The Government is calling it a natural disaster triggered. But, was it really a natural disaster or man-made?

This is what a dozen environmental activists, societies, and organizations including Himdhara Environment Research and Action Collective in Himachal Pradeesh are asking, while expressing fear that the similar fate awaits to happen in Himachal Pradesh due to large number of hydropower projects proposed in the ecologically fragile regions of the state. It’s not the first time that these organizations and activists have warned of the dangers of rampart construction of power projects on major rivers. The government, however, neglected not only these activists, but also studies published by several researchers. 

Himdhara had also released their report titled “The Hidden Cost of Hydropower” in June 2019 to highlight the risks associated with hydropower construction, especially in Himalayan regions like Himachal Pradesh.

But MoUs for construction of over a dozen of projects have been signed by the HP Government in 2019 only. 

Also Read: Ignoring Environmental Concerns, HP Govt Signs 10 More MoUs for Hydro Projects Worth Rs. 25,772 Crores

Yesterday, in a collective statement issued, these organizations/activists and others expressed their grief and utmost anguish for the lives lost in the tragic event that occurred in Chamoli Uttarakhand.

“We hear that hundreds are missing and several feared dead. We are also aware that there is no clear statement from the government or any other State agency about the exact event that triggered the massive flood,” the statement said.  

However, the statement said, considering the location and context of the event conjectures are that this could have been an avalanche or landslide and/or a glacial lake burst of some sort. The high altitudes of the Himalayas have been known, for time immemorial for the harsh conditions of the climate and floods. But in recent decades, these ecologically and geologically fragile and sensitive terrains have become even more vulnerable due to rapidly changing climatic patterns.

“Let us acknowledge that these climatic changes, be it erratic rainfall or deglaciation due to increased warming are not ‘natural phenomena’. These are caused and exacerbated by several anthropogenic factors, the biggest being the rapid exploitation of land, water and forests and the emission of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere given the highly polluting nature of ‘development’ – worldwide,” they said.  

“This crisis is adversely affecting the poorest of communities across the world and in our country, living in frontier regions like the mountains and coasts. Scarcities of water, changing agricultural patterns and deforestation have grossly impacted farmers, forest-dependent indigenous people and the urban poor,” it said.

Also Read: Hydropower Projects in Himachal Not ‘Eco-Friendly, Govt Keeps People in Dark Through Biased Environment Impact Assessment Reports

Let the common people know that in the year 2008 the government of India set up the National Climate Change Action Plan, the statement said. In the last couple of years close to 140 Billion dollars have been spent on various missions under this plan. Thousands of crores have been spent on setting up state climate cells for climate change research in the Himalaya. Apart from this several independent studies have been published over the last two decades on the vulnerabilities of the Himalayan region.

“It is a matter of shame and sheer negligence that the findings of these studies have not converted to policy,” they said.  

They further added that this is why the dam building agenda continues unabated and unabashed in the Himalayas ranging from the East to the West attempting to realise a potential of 118000 MW of electricity involving hundreds of large, medium and small hydropower projects. In Himachal, where projects worth 10000 MW have already been built have changed land use – gobbled forests & farms, caused landslides, soil erosion and impacted the riverine ecosystems at an enormous scale.

According to the State Disaster Management Authority, most of Himachal’s hydropower projects in operation or under construction fall in areas highly vulnerable to various hazards like landslides and floods. The Avay Shukla Committee report presented to the Shimla High Court in 2011 had recommended a moratorium on new hydropower projects in the state for this reason. But the state government dissed the report completely, they said.  

As a matter of concern, these groups and activists highlighted that most of the planned projects that are yet to come up in Himachal are in the climate-vulnerable and ecologically fragile greater and trans-Himalayan regions of Kinnaur and Spiti, located in the Upper Satluj valley and Lahaul in the Chandrabhaga also known as Chenab, where tribal communities are resisting them tooth and nail. These are also geologically unstable terrains prone to earthquakes and avalanches. A study by researchers from the University of Potsdam, Germany, analysing 273 hydropower projects in the Himalayas in India, Nepal and Bhutan found that about 25% of them are likely to face severe damage from quake-triggered landslides.

The 2013 Uttarakhand disaster was an expensive and tragic lesson. The Ravi Chopra Committee and scientific assessments made clear the role of hydropower and mindless construction in exacerbating the impact of the Kedarnath flash flood. But we learnt nothing from it. The reason we refer to this as an ‘agenda’ should be clear by now, the statement said.

It is an agenda because no amount of evidence presented to the Ministry of Environment and Forests, to state departments, to CWC, to courts has led to a reconsideration or review of the hydropower policy of the Government of India or the state governments of Uttarakhand, Himachal, Arunachal, Sikkim etc. Lack of adequate and thorough scientific planning and shoddy impact assessment studies are approved by Expert Appraisal Committees with members who are clearly in support of projects. The Asian Development Bank which has funded the expansion of NTPC projects in the Dhauliganga river approved an EIA report of Tapovan Vishni gad which doesn’t have a single mention of the threat of flood or glacial lakes, avalanches. International Financing agencies are thus also complicit in this negligence. 

Once clearances are granted non-compliance of environmental norms and social accountability laws is rampant. No safety monitoring is undertaken and the lives of workers and people of affected villages are constantly at stake.

“Have we ever heard of an Environment Clearance of a dam being cancelled because of non-compliance?” they asked. Diminishing space for democratic public participation in decision-making processes have further worsened the situation in the past few years. With the EIA 2020 the MoEF&CC and government are completely finishing this space, they alleged. What is worse is that the central government, despite the obvious hazards associated with large hydropower projects, has in 2019 classified projects above 25 MW as ‘renewable’ which will be able to avail subsidies and the power produced by these will be subject to obligatory purchase norms. 

“We express our collective rage at the inaction by the government at multiple levels and its repeated thrust on large dams in the Himalayas. No amount of monetary compensation can placate the anguish of those who have suffered irreparable losses. No amount of trying to hide behind words like ‘natural disaster’ and ‘act of god’ can deceive the people. The lack of accountability and intent of all the institutions, agencies and political representatives involved stands amply exposed,” the statement said.  

Signatories 

Himalayan Students Ensemble; Himdhara Environment Research and Action Collective; Himalaya Bachao Samiti, Chamba; Himalaya Niti Abhiyan; Him Lok Jagriti Manch, Kinnaur; Nagrik Adhikar Manch, Kangra; People’s campaign for socio-economic equity in the Himalaya; Save Lahaul Spiti, Lahaul; Spiti Civil Society, Spiti; Sutra, Himachal Pradesh; Towerline Shoshit Jagrukta Manch; Zilla Van Adhikar Samiti; Sirmaur Van Adhikar Manch

 

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