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No, SC hasn’t lifted ban on animal sacrifice in Kullu Dushera



Kullu: Very recently, Maheshwar Singh, MLA from Kullu and chief caretaker of Lord Raghunath, declared that he had moved the Supreme Court against the blanket ban imposed on animal sacrifice in Himachal by the State High Court in its oders passed on September 26, 2014.

He said the SC, in its interim order passed on April 10, 2017, provided interim relief on animal sacrifice for Kullu Dushera. 

English daily Statesman had also suggested same in an article titled “‘Animal sacrifice’ tradition to be back in Himachal Pradesh” published on April 15, 2017.  Though the article did mention that it should be done in compliance with law, it did not explain that the case of Kullu Dushera was not an exception. 

Similarly, an article published by Tribune on September 5, 2017, was titled “Nod to animal sacrifice at Kullu Dasehra”

The people of Kullu are rejoiced believing that ban was lifted and the animal sacrifice will take place in a traditional manner, as it used to be prior to HC ban.

If one bothers to go in details of the Supreme Court order, then it clearly allows performing the animal sacrifice strictly in compliance with directions of the court and in accordance with slaughter-house rules. Are Maheshwar Singh and the Kullu administration complying with all mandatory directions? 

In fact, the Supreme Court has clearly provided for a compendium of various acts and agreed to allow animal slaughter remaining within the law and court guidelines. There is a list of official permissions and procedures defined by the court in order to slaughter an animal for food. These guidelines also apply to animal sacrifice in religious rituals.

Activist Sonali Purewal from Kasuali-based People for Animals (PFA) organization talked to Himachal Watcher regarding the lie that was told to people through media.

For instance, in order to slaughter an animal for any purpose, one needs a licensed stun gun, licensed butcher, permission from Municipal Commissioner Kullu, acknowledgment letter from AWBI, veterinary officer-in-charge of the animal sacrifices etc.  The court had also directed to inform animal activist Gauri Mulekhi regarding any such animal sacrifice. 

By simply seeking permission for a massive public pandal from the Municipal Council/ Corporation does not suffice. Animal sacrifice has to be done as per law and as per the manners prescribed in the PCA Act and the interim order of the Supreme Court,

Sonali told Himachal Watcher.

She alleged that the district administration or Maheshwar Singh has not fulfilled any of these mandatory conditions laid by the apex court in its order except obtaining a permission letter from the Municipal Commissioner to set up pandal (an enclosed stall).

Advocate Vandana Misra, the counsel for the petitioner Sonali Purewal, who also shares the credit for the ban imposed by the HP HC, also expressed serious concern over disregard to the law. Any violation of the Hon’ble Supreme Court’s order shall be brought to the notice of the court, she said. Vandana is currently fighting the case in the Supreme Court. 

The DC Kullu had told the Tribune in the said article

The district administration would maintain a close watch over animal sacrifice and it would take place at a confined place as per the directions of the honorable court.

Only ensuring slaughter in enclosed pandal to shroud the bloodshed from public view is just one of the guidelines.

Sonali said that she wrote a letter to the Deputy Commissioner and Municipal Commissioner of Kullu to confirm the legal status of the animal sacrifice scheduled to take place this Dushera. However, none of them even replied to her letter. It clearly suggests the administration has fulfilled none of the mandatory conditions.

SC Interim oder in animal sacrifice in Kullu dushera

From Interim Oder Passed by SC on April 10, 2017

Take a look at the list of conditions laid by the court in the provided compendium:

• The Section 11(3)(e) of the PCA Act states, “commission or omission of any act in the course of the destruction or the preparation for the destruction of any animal as food for mankind unless such destruction or preparation was accompanied by the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering.”

• Stunning (rendering animals unconscious before slitting their throat and bleeding them to death) is an important procedure to prevent “unnecessary suffering” when the animals are killed for meat.

• Rule 6 (4) 4 of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Slaughter House) Rules, 2001 states that “Every slaughterhouse shall provide a separate space for stunning of animals prior to slaughter, bleeding and dressing of the carcasses” making stunning mandatory during the slaughter of animals.”

• Food Safety and Regulations Standards (Licensing & Registration of Food Businesses), 2011, Section 4, Part IV, Schedule 4 explains various stunning procedures to be adopted, with the recommendation for different species.

• Registration/ licensing of slaughterhouses:

• The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 under Rule 3 (1), requires recognition or licensing of a slaughterhouse.

• Guidelines of the Food Safety and Regulations Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Regulations, 2011, Regulation 2.5. 1 specifies species of animals that can be killed for meat.

• Under this Regulation “animal” means an animal belonging to Bovines, Caprines, Suillines, and includes poultry and fish.

• No other animals including camels, rabbits etc. can be slaughtered under this provision of the law.


Sonali said despite PFA’s efforts and correspondence with the DC and MC office asking them to publish public notices to clearly state that animal sacrifice is still banned in Himachal as the court has not lifted it, nothing was done. 

No such notice was issued by the district administration or any other authority in any newspaper or through any medium.

Moreover, as per the interim order, it is mandatory to officially inform the Animal Welfare Board of India of any ritual sacrifice to be done “in accordance with the law”.

However, AWBI or animal activist Gauri Mulekhi has not received any such letter at all, said Sonali. Also, no information is provided about the manner in which the sacrifice would take place.

If the animal sacrifice will continue as planned in Kullu during the upcoming festivities this will be in total violation of the Supreme Court order and all the concerned persons participating in it along with the Officials officiating over it will be in Contempt of the Supreme Court, she said. 

PFA has warned the district administration and every party involved in the unlawful animal sacrifice of legal action if the directions of the court are not followed. It would be a clear contempt of court orders, she said. 

Now take a look at the questions that PFA had asked the DC and MC office Kullu to answer to prove everything would be done in total compliance with the law:

1. Does your office have a licensed stun gun? – Which is mandatory for any animal slaughter to take place, to ensure the least amount of pain and suffering in accordance with the law?

2. Has your office appointed an authorised licensed butcher or person who has been trained to use the stun gun as per rules in the PCA act?

If you do, please attach copies of both the licensed stun gun and the authorised person (adhar card with license, and information on where he was trained)

3. A copy of the permission from Municipal Commissioner Kullu for ritual slaughter given to Shri Maheshwar Singh along with the copy of the same sent to Gauri Mulekhi and AWBI.

4. Acknowledgement from Gauri Maulekhi and AWBI – giving their ok and consent to the Kullu Dussera ritual sacrifices.

5. Name and number of the VO in charge of the animal sacrifices – who is to check the animals and give their ok to the concerned people appointed by the Supreme Court as mentioned above?

6. A list of the number of animals that are to be slaughtered over the Kullu Dussehra.

However, he did not reply or even responded to any of the above questions asked by the PFA.

Over 60 percent of slaughterhouses in Himachal are illegal because they do not fulfill legal requirements or standards. So, it is highly unlikely that a temporary slaughterhouse would be set up for Dushera,

said Sonali. 

Now, it is to be seen whether the Kullu administration and Maheshwar Singh would go ahead with the current plan of deliberately committing a contempt of court or fulfill all the court directions. 

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Shimla MC allegedly makes insensitive comments over mishap caused by its carelessness




Shimla MC JE

Shimla: The change of power in Himachal Pradesh, as well as in the local bodies, has now begun to manifest itself through the attitude of government staff. Keeping with the trend, the staff of Shimla Municipal Corporation House also seems to have emboldened.

An aggrieved citizen brought to our attention his bitter confrontation with one of SMC’s Junior Engineers, who showed complete indifference to a risk that his own carelessness posed for the public safety.  

On March 8, 2018, a lady had fractured her leg after she stepped on an uncovered ‘water valve box’ or road box of the SMC. right outside the gate of Auckland House School for Boys. She was returning home after attending a parent-teachers’ meeting.

Another man, a father of two kids who attend nursery classes at same school witnessed the accident and was one of the first to come to help the woman. The fractured leg had left her groaning in pain.

It would be a mistake to consider it a trivial and isolated incident as several other spots in Shimla town pose the same threat to the public. While several road boxes are uncovered, some others are placed in a haphazard manner.

As a matter of fact, despite being a public safety concern, none of the local journalists found it worth highlighting.  

Himachal Watcher, in its previous article, had also tagged the Mayor, Kusum Sadret, to apprise her of this safety issue. 

After the lady was taken to the Indira Gandhi Medical College for treatment, the father made a complaint to the SMC on its helpline number 1916.

He requested the SMC to take up the matter immediately and cover the said box to avert further mishaps, especially with the nursery kids. Moreover, similar mishaps have been reported due to this carelessness of the Corporation, he told the SMC.

However, the SMC still not fixed it properly, rather, did a ‘Jugaad’ job (as shown in the picture below). 

Photo 1.0

Shimla MC JE

The man clicked a fresh photo on March 14 and made another phone call to the SMC to file a verbal complain about the poor job done by its field staff. The official on the other end could not give a satisfactory answer to the queries of the father.

Therefore, the SMC office further diverted him to the concerned Junior Engineer, who looks after the area. The father approached the JE phonically and expressed concern over the safety of his own children as well as several others who use this road.

The father told the JE that the field staff did not take this safety concern seriously despite the said accident and covered the road box with a damaged lid, which was still posing threat to children and pedestrians. The gap in the lid was still large enough to trap foot of a nursery kid. (See photo  1.0)

When questioned about the issue, the JE said the SMC don’t have a proper arrangement to cover it. He said it will be replaced later. The man, however, told the JE that even the temporary arrangement was made with equally irresponsible manner.

He reminded the JE that this box must be covered on priority bases as it is a matter of safety of the public, especially the school kids. The JE tried to wash his hands of saying it will be fixed later but did not give any readdressal period. He asked the JE to define an approximate deadline for the replacement.   

The father apprised the JE of the mishap with the lady, who had fractured her leg.

The JE, however, allegedly made a very rude and insensitive comment in the following words,

To logon ko bhi jameen par dekh ke chalana chahiye (People should walk with their eyes on the ground).

The complainant again asked the JE to at least provide an approximate time that the SMC would take to fix the box.

The complainant asked the JE,

Who will take the responsibility if a kid gets injured meanwhile SMC delay replacement of the damaged cover?

To the dismay of agitated father, the JE once again repeated,

Admi ki bhi jimedari hai ki wo jameen par dekh kar chale (It is the responsibility of people to keep their eyes on the ground while walking).

The father was not only offended but also stunned at the insensitivity shown by the JE towards the safety of kids and public in general. 


In a way, he told me to apply same to nursery kids. Is it a sensible thing to do to leave the kids on their own and turn a blind eye towards his own error,

the father told HW. 

It’s the height of irresponsibility. Despite being the responsibility of JE, he showed indifferent towards the safety of children and ignored his duty he is paid for. To make things more ugly, he did not hesitate to make offensive comments and insult a citizen, who had approached him with a valid complaint. 

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Woman fractures leg after stepping onto Shimla MC’s trap of negligence



Shimla: The Carelessness on the part of Shimla Municipal Corporation today led to an accident in which a woman fractured her leg. The woman was taken to the Indira Gandhi Medical College where the fractured leg received a plaster cast.

It implies that the woman’s mobility will be restricted for at least one month, affecting her entire routine. In addition, she will have to bear the pain inflicted due to the negligence of the civic body and pay the bill for treatment.  

This little gift from the SMC to the lady on the Women’s Day resulted in both physical and mental harassment. The woman can actually sue the civic body and demand compensation for her injury if she wants. 

The woman, who was identified as Anjana Janartha, told Himachal Watcher that she had come to attend a parent-teacher meeting at the Auckland House School for Boys.

After the meeting, she had barely taken a few steps when she suddenly stumbled. A few meters away from the school-gate, an uncovered water valve of Shimla MC, which was located in the middle of the road, waited for her.

The woman fell a victim to it as her step landed in the uncovered cavity around the valve, and she stumbled. The other parents present on the spot helped the woman. However, the accident twisted her leg badly.

Some of the parents, who talked to HW, complained that the cover of the valve is missing for years now. The absence of a stop tap cover turned it into a dangerous trap.

It was not an isolated incident. Last year, a woman had stumbled after stepping onto the same trap, but fortunately did not receive major injuries.

The parents said there had been occasions when children either stumbled or had narrow escapes. The children upto primary level are more vulnerable to this trap of ignorance.   

There are innumerous underground water valves in Shimla, which are lying without any cover or closure.  It is a matter of safety of the public and no compromise should be made in this regard.  

The SMC needs to take stock of such spots and cover them properly to avert any future mishaps.    

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U-turn over ‘Joothan’ book controversy, never had intention to withdraw it from HPU syllabus, says HP Govt




Joothan book in HP University sllyabus

The Chief Minister had sought a reply from the Education Department regarding the controversy, which suddenly popped-up during January 2018. 

Shimla: Today, the Himachal Pradesh Government took a U-turn over controversy pertaining to the withdrawal of a book titled ‘Joothan: A Dalit’s Life’ – a piece of Dalit literature written in the form of a autobiography by Om Prakash Valmiki – from college syllabus of HP University.

The book is being taught in the sixth semester of English subject in the colleges of the state.

Today, a spokesperson of the state government clearly rejected the controversy over this book written by a Dalit writer saying the government has neither withdrawn nor there is any proposal to take out ‘Jhoothan’ book from the education curriculum.

The novel is still a part of the syllabus and there is no proposal to withdraw it,

the government spokesperson said in a statement issued today.These parties did not verify the facts before making such accusations, said the spokesperson.  

However, this statement doesn’t look entirely fair as the Chief Minister had himself taken cognizance of a news published in a Hindi daily. 

The book is a based on the horrifying personal experience of the writer while growing up in inhuman living conditions in a Dalit basti (slum) of Uttar Pradesh in post-Independent India.  The writer has manifested his anguish against the practice of untouchability, discrimination of various sorts, and exploitation of lower caste people by those belonging to the upper caste.

The book is a compilation of experiences and social and psychological conditioning that a member of the lowest caste goes throw under extremely wretched socioeconomic conditions. It is a record of writer’s grim journey from deprived childhood to prominent social critic and writer.  The words which are at the centre of the controversy are used to appraise the reader of the fact that lower-caste people were addressed not by their names but their caste.  

To get a better idea of about the content of the book,  you can go through an acclaimed review by Namit Arora

The book was originally written in Hindi. It was in 2003 that the Joothan was translated into English by Arun Prabha Mukherjee, a professor of English at York University in Canada.

Similarly,  a column by writer Sheoraj Singh Bechain published in a Hindi daily condemned the efforts to undermine Dalit literature, which was rarely recognized.

Sheoraj is one of the most respected Dalit writers in Hindi.  He is best known for his book, “Mera Bachpan Mere Kandhon Par.”  

It was alleged the book contains words which are highly casteist in nature and the teachers find the use of these words in classroom awkward as well as inappropriate.

The allegations also speculated that the book was actually encouraging caste discrimination. Majority of the teacher community, as well as student organizations, had made it an issue demanding the withdrawal of ‘Joothan’ from syllabus or removal of several words used in it.

The government is washing its hands of the controversy by terming it an unnecessary political agenda created by rival political parties like the Communist Party of India.

However, it must be reminded that the Chief Minister had sought a reply from the Education Department regarding the controversy, which suddenly popped-up during January 2018. 

As a matter of fact, for decades now, the book had been part of the English literature syllabus of over a dozen of Indian universities including some of the Central varsities.  

If the report published in Hindi daily Amar Ujala’s January 8, 2018, to be believed, the Director of Higher Education, H.P., Dr. Amar Dev, had ordered a review of the book a couple of days after it. He had said that if needed the book would be removed from the syllabus. 

As per the report, the Vice-Chancellor of the H.P.U., Rajinder Chauhan, had ordered the formation of a committee headed by the professor Girija Sharma of the Department of English, HPU, to look into the matter and submit its report within 15 days.

The reaction of the upper caste lobby was such as if the practice of caste discrimination or untouchability exists no more in India. 

It still exists in rural Himachal and the recent incident of discrimination against children of a government school in Kullu district is a proof of it. The magisterial probe had confirmed that the incident did take place and police had filed an FIR. Three persons including the headmaster were arrested. But they were released on bail within 24 hours arrest.  Dozens of other persons were also named in the case by the police. 

The segregation of students during mid-day meals and preference to upper-caste candidates while recruiting mid-day meal workers in schools is another allegation that has surfaced again after the Kullu school incident.  


Meanwhile, the Dalit community leaders expressed agitation over the issue and threatened widespread protest in case the government decides to withdraw the book from the syllabus. 

The issue could have triggered a nationwide Dalit community protest, which makes it a highly sensitive matter.  The step would have hit the Dalit vote bank of the ruling party ahead of 2019 assembly elections. 

It is a bitter truth that the caste system is still prevalent in our society.  The exploitation by politicians through caste-based politics makes it even worse. This divide in society is deemed beneficial in politics.

Despite being educated, the inter-caste marriages are still not acceptable to the parents and society. 

Manual scavenging still exists and labourers, who are mostly Dalits, often die in septic tanks or manholes as they are made to clean them with no gas mask, safety gears or proper equipment. On February 15, 2018, three such workers had asphyxiated while cleaning a septic tank in Ponthur near Sriperumbudur in Tamil Nadu.

Similarly,  in October 2017, three workers of a company near Hero Honda Chowk in Gurgaon had died of suffocation while they were attempting to save one of their colleagues from drowning in the septic tank. Again, all safety measures were missing. 

A 2017 news report published in the US Today had highlighted how the manual scavengers become the victim of widely flouted laws.  At least 750 deaths has been reported from across India since “manual scavenging” was first banned by the Indian government in 1993.  The year 2017 had witnessed around 75 deaths during manual scavenging. 

So, it would not be correct to say that the young minds do not need to read about this evil anymore.  

In Himachal Pradesh, the atrocities on lower caste members may be missing, but the practice of untouchability still continues unabated.  

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