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India to Surpass China as Most Populous Country by 2027, Debate Erupts Over Need of Population Control Law

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Population Control Law in India needed

The world’s population continues to grow, albeit at a slower pace than at any time since 1950, owing to reduced levels of fertility. From an estimated 7.7 billion people worldwide in 2019, the global population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.9 billion in 2100, says a reported “World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights” released by the Department of Economics and Social Affairs, United Nations.

Current projections indicate that India will surpass China as the world’s most populous country around 2027, the report says.

India is expected to add nearly 273 million people between 2019 and 2050, while the population of Nigeria is projected to grow by 200 million. Together, these two countries could account for 23 per cent of the global population increase to 2050.

India's Population Growth Projections

The hashtag #Population Control Law was trending on Twitter as the findings of the reports were published by media. The people were of the view that India needs to take immediate measures to control population explosion, which would put huge pressure on already exhausting resources of the country. The one-child policy was being suggested by several people as one possible measure that could be introduced by forming a new law.

As per the findings published in the report, disparate population growth rates among the world’s largest countries will re-order their ranking by population size. China, with 1.43 billion people in 2019, and India, with 1.37 billion, have long been the two most populous countries of the world, comprising 19 and 18 per cent, respectively, of the global total in 2019. They are followed by the United States of America, with 329 million in 2019, and Indonesia, with 271 million.

After this re-ordering between 2019 and 2050, the ranking of the five largest countries is projected to be preserved through the end of the century, when India could remain the world’s most populous country with nearly 1.5 billion inhabitants, followed by China with just under 1.1 billion, Nigeria with 733 million, the United States with 434 million, and Pakistan with 403 million inhabitants.

In 2019, around 40 per cent of the world’s population lives in intermediate-fertility countries, where women have on average between 2.1 and four births over a lifetime. Average lifetime fertility of 2.1 live births per woman is roughly the level required for populations with low mortality to have a growth rate of zero in the long run. Intermediate-fertility countries are found in many regions, with the largest being India

Between 2019 and 2050, 55 countries or areas are expected to see their populations decrease by at least one per cent. In the largest of these, China, the population is projected to shrink by 31.4 million, or 2.2 per cent.

More than half of the projected increase in the global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in just nine countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the United States of America.

Another major finding of the report said that in 2018, for the first time in history, persons aged 65 years or over worldwide outnumbered children under age five. Projections indicate that by 2050 there will be more than twice as many persons above 65 as children under five. By 2050, the number of persons aged 65 years or over globally will also surpass the number of adolescents and youth aged 15 to 24 years.

This continued rapid population growth presents challenges for sustainable development. The 47 least developed countries are among the world’s fastest-growing – many are projected to double in population between 2019 and 2050 – putting pressure on already strained resources and challenging policies that aim to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and ensure that no one is left behind. For many countries or areas, including some Small Island Developing States, the challenges to achieving sustainable development are compounded by their vulnerability to climate change, climate variability and sea-level rise, the report said.

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Adopt Scientific, Modern Precision Farming Techniques for ‘More Crop Per Drop’: UHF VC to Farmers at Kisan Mela

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Kisan Mela at Diggal nalagarh on water conservation 3

Solan-One-day Kisan Mela and scientists’ farmers’ interaction was organized by Dr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry (UHF), Nauni and Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Solan at Village Diggal in the Nalagarh block of Solan district on October 20, 2019.

The event was organized under the Jal Shakti Abhiyaan of the Union Government to create awareness on water conservation and judicious use of water.

Sincere and mass efforts towards water conservation will go a long way in ensuring the availability of water for future generations for carrying out agricultural and day to activities. These were among the several views expressed by experts during the event.

Dr Parvinder Kaushal, UHF Vice-Chancellor was the Chief Guest on the occasion while Vivek Chandel ADM Solan was the Guest of Honour. Dr Rakesh Gupta, Director Extension Education of the university, Raj Kumar, BDO Nalagarh, Dr Rajender Sharma, Deputy Director Horticulture, Dr PC Saini, Deputy Director Agriculture and over 850 farmers from Diggal and nearby panchayats attended the event.
Kisan Mela at Diggal nalagarh on water conservation

Besides line officers from the horticulture and agriculture departments, scientists from KVK Solan and various departments of the university were also present during the event.

Speaking at the occasion, Dr Kaushal said the issue of water conservation needed the attention of every person and efforts towards its mitigation was the need of the hour. He called for the active participation of women in creating awareness on the issue and ensure everyone’s participation in this movement. He urged the farmers to adopt scientific methods and modern precision farming techniques to ensure more crop per drop.

Dr Kaushal said that the lower hills of the state had immense potential in horticulture and the university will make efforts for its promotion through regular training programmes and quality planting material. He laid special emphasis on food processing and the role of self-help groups in the marketing of food produce.

ADM Vivek Chandel exhorted the farmers to become an active contributor in the conservation of the environment. He was of the view that the Gram Sabhas could be utilized for the dissemination of scientific information on the issues of public importance.

Dr Rakesh Gupta gave an overview of the various extension activities carried out by the university. BDO Nalagarh informed the gathering about the Jal Shakti Abhiyaan and its importance.

During the event, the participants were apprised about the various schemes of the agriculture and horticulture department for water conservation. Several technical lectures on strategies and methods for water conservation, precision irrigation and cultivation of prospective fruit for lower areas.

An exhibition on fruits, vegetables and flowers, soil and water conservation, food science and technology, forest products, entomology and plant pathology were also displayed. The exhibition also had a separate display of samples of different fruits, flowers, vegetables grown by the farmers.
Kisan Mela at Diggal nalagarh on water conservation4

A farmer scientist interaction was also held at the event where the scientists addressed the problems faced by the farmers. The winners of the essay and slogan writing and painting competition on water conservation organized by the KVK in the past week in several schools of the Nalagarh block were also awarded during the event.
Kisan Mela at Diggal nalagarh on water conservation 2

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Video: Employees on Election Duty in Pachhad Throw Away Food Alleging Poor Quality

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Poor quality food to pachhad election duty officials

Sirmaur- A video has appeared on social media showing employees deployed in Pachhad constituency of Sirmaur district on election duty complaining that they were served stale, poor quality packed food. They can be heard saying that such foul smell is emanating from the packed food that even dogs won’t eat it.

They are holding the Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM), Rajgarh, responsible for it.  They were also seen throwing away the packets of food, while some other packets were already discarded either on the road or on the roadside. Surprisngly, these employees are not discarding these packets containing food properly, and instead, littering them anywhere. It appears like the Swachh Bharat campaign proved to be ineffective in creating awareness. 

The video is circulating on social media, attracting criticism. On receiving this news, the SDM, Naresh Verma, said he has asked the Tehsildar to probe the allegations and submit a report. He said an action would be taken against the contractor to whom the contract was awarded for arranging food for employees on the election duty.

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Two-Day Workshop on ‘Challenges of Disaster Risk Reduction in Hill Towns’ to be Organized at Shimla

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Challenges of Disaster Risk Reduction in Hill Towns

Shimla-Government of Himachal Pradesh, through HP State Disaster Management Authority (HPSDMA) and HP Council for Science Technology & Environment (HIMCOSTE), is organizing Regional Workshop on “Challenges of Disaster Risk Reduction in Hill Towns” for the stakeholders of Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir, Union Territory of Ladakh and Himachal Pradesh at Shimla on 22-23 October 2019 at Hotel Holiday Home.

Considering the higher vulnerability of the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) to one or multiple hazards, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), Ministry of Home Affairs (GoI) has planned to convene two regional workshops across the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR). The objective is to sensitize and mainstream the different stakeholders of the Himalayan States and come up with specific recommendations/solutions to reduce vulnerabilities.

The first such workshop was organized for the North-Eastern region at Sikkim, whereas the second for the Northwestern and Central Himalayan region is being organized at Shimla.

The workshop is being organized with the objective to discuss the issues the hill towns are facing with respect to Disaster Risk Reduction and to come out with specific solutions/plans to deal with such challenges. The workshop will be attended by the practitioners, administrators, researchers, technocrats and policy-makers. The discussions and deliberations will mainly focus on Geological Hazards, Atmospheric & Hydro-meteorological, Institutional preparedness, State Government Initiatives and the experience sharing in Disaster Management.

In the two-day workshop, about 50 participants including senior officers from the State of Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh are likely to participate, besides a large delegation of officers from the State of Himachal Pradesh D.C.Rana, Director–cum-Special Secretary (Rev-DM) informed that Kamal Kishore, Member National Disaster Management Authority(NDMA), Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt of India, has agreed to be the Guest of Honour on this occasion and would deliver the Key Note Address during the inaugural session.

It was further informed that the workshop has been designed in such a manner that there will be four technical sessions on Hazard Vulnerability & Risk Assessment, Improving Compliance with Building Bye-laws in Hill Towns, Disaster Mitigation and Preparedness and Improving Disaster Response and Recovery.

Eminent Scientists from different institutions like NGRI Hyderabad, GSI Chandigarh, NIT Hamirpur, IIT Madras, Bombay & Mandi, IMD New Delhi and State Disaster Management Authorities of these Himalayan States will make presentations with reference to these broad areas followed by open house discussions. The outcome of the two-day workshop will be in the form various measures to mitigate the Challenges of Disaster Risk Reduction in the Hill Towns of the North-Western Himalayan States so that the post-disaster effects not only minimized but could also save the precious human lives and the infrastructure.

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