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Kharif Onion Cultivation in Himachal Can Prevent Inflation, Offer Alternative Income Source: UHF Scientist

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kharif onion in himachal by Dr Deepa Sharma, Vegetable Scientist

Solan- Onion crop is harvested only once in Himachal Pradesh while at the same time farmers of Maharashtra have been taking three crops. This has made the state heavily dependent on other states for meeting the requirement of onion often causing the prices go beyond the reach of common people. 

Taking note of this, scientists of Dr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni worked towards an appropriate alternative- the cultivation of Kharif onion. Kharif onion can not only save the farmers and the general public from the sting of inflation but can also be a better option to increase the income of the farmers provided that the farmers adopt its cultivation techniques through the scientific method.

Kharif onion cultivation in himachal pradesh

The Kharif onion crop reaches the market at a time when the general public is plagued by increasing prices of onions.

Dr Deepa Sharma, Vegetable Scientist at the University’s College of Horticulture and Forestry (COH&F), Neri, Hamirpur has been working on a Rs 20.43 lakh project sanctioned two years ago by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi for popularizing Kharif onion cultivation in Chamba district of the state.

University scientists Dr Rajveev Raina and Dr Sanjeev Kumar Banyal are associated with the project as Co-Investigators.

Kharif Onion Research by uhf scientist

Under the project 245 demonstrations on farm fields, 14 training programmes have been organised in the last two years, which have benefitted 362 farmers. Keeping in view the growing demand and profit of Kharif onion, the university wants to extend its cultivation to all suitable areas of the state. 

The experiments conducted in District Chamba have yielded encouraging results. The farmers can replant setts during the second week of August sell green onion bulbs from the second week of October.

So this Kharif onion comes in the market at the time when onion prices shoot up. This crop is ready for harvesting from last week of November to the first week of December. The Kharif crop is harvested at a time when the prices of onion are high and therefore the crop can be sold easily at Rs 50/kg from the farmer field itself.

The farmers can obtain a yield of six quintals from one quintal setts and earn up to Rs 30000. This will meet the requirement of people.

Dr Parvinder Kaushal, Vice-Chancellor called upon the farming community to take Kharif onion cultivation as an enterprise. Praising the work done by the scientists associated with the project, Dr Kaushal urged them to popularize the commercial cultivation of the crop in the state. Dr JN Sharma, Director Research, Dr PC Sharma, Dean COH&F and other faculty of the university lauded the efforts of the scientists and stressed to take the technology to maximum farm fields.

 

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Video: How HPBOSE Will Calculate and Allot Marks to Class 10 Students

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hp board marks calculation formula for promotion

Shimla-The second wave of Covid-19 pandemic has washed out another academic session and disrupted the academic calendars of institutes. A

The HPBOSE recently notified its detailed criteria for compilation of result and promotion of students to the next higher class while focusing on, what it called, “Continuous Comprehensive Assessment (CCA)” and “Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE)”.

The notification came following the cancellation of the Annual Examination of Matriculation and Senior Secondary (Plus Two) classes of HP Board of School Education in wake of the pandemic.

The formula is based on class 9 result of the student, Class 10 first and second term exams, pre-board result, paper of one subject held on April 13, internal assessment and practical marks.

Himachal Watcher has prepared this video to help you understand the process.

Subject wise weightage will be allotted to students depending on the distribution of subjects by HPBOSE. Visit this link to check the weightage of marks per exams

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HPBOSE Formula for Promotion of Class 10 Students Notified: Read How Marks Would be Allotted

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hpbose formula for 10 class promotion

Dharamshala– The Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education’s formula for promoting the students of Class 10 to the next higher class has been notified on Monday.

The HPBOSE said it has formulated detailed criteria for compilation of result and promotion of students to the next higher class while focusing on, what it called, “Continuous Comprehensive Assessment (CCA)” and “Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE)”.

The notification came following the cancellation of the Annual Examination of Matriculation and Senior Secondary (Plus Two) classes of HP Board of School Education in wake of the pandemic.

The formula is based on class 9 result of the student, Class 10 first and second term exams, pre-board result, paper of one subject held on April 13, internal assessment and practical marks.

HPBOSE Objective Criteria for Promotion

  1. HP Board of School Education considering CCA and CCE is based on the following important indicators
  2. Practical Awards by the concerned Schools
  3. Internal Assessment by the concerned Schools
  4. Result of 9th class examination.
  5. Result of 1″ Terms Examination conducted by the schools. Result of 2nd   Terms Examination conducted by the schools.
  6. Result of Pre-Board Matriculation Examination conducted by HPBOSE.
  7. Marks obtained in Matriculation Hindi Paper conducted by HPBOSE on 13th April 2021.

Procedure for Assessment of Students and Weightage of Marks

  1. The students will be assessed out of a maximum of 100 marks for each subject as per the policy of the Board, which include INA, Practical and Theory awards.
  2. HPBOSE has conducted Practical Exams successfully and the marks given by the concerned Teachers will be honoured.
  3. Internal Assessment of 15 Marks in all the subjects has already been submitted by the Schools Marks of Theory Paper also vary from 25 to 85. The weightage will be uniformly moderated and quantified so that all the Subjects get equal moderated weightage
  4. Due to the cancellation of the Board Examination, the assessment of Theory marks will be done by the school, as per the following procedure

9th Class

If a candidate has secured 70% marks in the 9th class examination, weightage allotted against 9th class result will be awarded as 70% of 10 marks (maximum marks of weightage to 9th class result 70×10/100-=07 Marks. This weightage will be allotted against all the subjects of the 9th class. This method will also apply to other categories of subjects as mentioned (25 maximum marks for Theory Paper and weightage of 05 marks) accordingly.

1st Term Exams

Subject wise weightage will be allotted as per the actual performance of the candidate in 1st Term Exams. For example, if a candidate has secured 55% Marks in the subject of science in the 1st Terminal Examination, the weightage allotted against this subject will be awarded as 55% of 05 Marks (55×5/100 =2.75 rounded off to 03 Marks).  This method will be applied to all other subjects for the 1st Term examination.

In case the candidate remained absent or unsuccessful in a particular subject/subjects, he/she will be awarded minimum pass marks e 33% of the total allotted weightage.

The same methodology will apply to another category of subjects (85 maximum marks for Theory Paper and weightage of 15 marks) accordingly.

2nd Term Exams

Similarly, Subject wise weightage will be allotted as per the actual performance of the candidate in 2nd Term Exams. For instance, if a candidate has secured 55% marks in the subject of science in the 2nd Terminal Examination, weightage allotted against this subject will be awarded as 55% of 05 Marks (Maximum Marks of weightage allotted to 2ndTerm) (55×5/100-2.75 rounded off 03 Marks). This method will be applied to all other subjects for 2nd terms examination.

In case the candidate remained Absent or unsuccessful in a particular subject/subjects he/she will be awarded minimum pass marks (33%) of the total allotted weightage. The same methodology will apply to other categories of the subject (85 maximum marks for Theory Paper and weightage of 15 marks) accordingly.

Further, subject wise weightage will be allotted as per the actual performance of the candidate in Pre Board Examination. For instance, if a candidate has secured 55% Marks in the subject of science in the Pre Board examination, weightage allotted against this subject will be awarded as 55% of 35 Marks (Maximum Marks of weightage allotted to Pre Board) ( 55X35/100=19.25 rounded off to 20 Marks).  In case the candidate remained Absent or unsuccessful in a particular subject/subjects he/she. will be awarded minimum pass marks (33%) of the total allotted weightage. The same methodology will apply to another category of subject.

Annual Hindi Paper

Evaluation of Hindi paper conducted by HPBOSE in April, 2021 will be done by the concerned school. Based on marks obtained in the Hindi paper the weightage of allotted O5 marks will be carried out to all the subjects (including Hindi). For example, if a candidate has secured 60 marks out of 85 (71% in Hindi Paper) the weightage against Hindi paper will be 71Xx 5/100 = 3.55 round off to 04 marks. This weightage will be allotted to all other subjects for the compilation of the result.

If a candidate remains unsuccessful/absent in the Hindi paper, he/she will be awarded minimum pass marks. i.e. 33% of 05 Marks (weightage of Hindi paper) =1.65 rounded off 02 Marks for all subjects including Hindi

Instructions regarding the evaluation of Hindi paper will be issued separately. In all the above cases fraction of marks above .1 will be rounded off to the next digit e.g., 3.20 to 04 Marks. It will be subject to the condition that the total Theory Marks should not exceed minimum pass marks i.e. 33%. 

Candidate who did not appeare in any assessment/examination

If any candidate has not appeared in any one or more subjects in a particular assessment/examination or Full assessment/examination conducted by the School/HPBOSE (1st, 2nd Terminal Examination, Pre-Board Examination or Annual Matriculation Hindi examination), he/she will be awarded 33% of the weightage.

For instance, if a candidate has not appeared in English subject in Terminal exams, 33% weightage allotted to English subject in 1st Terminal 33% of 10 Marks: 3.3 rounded off to 04 marks will be awarded to English subject.

Similarly, if a candidate has remained completely absent in 2nd Term exams, subject-wise 33% weightage will be awarded against 2nd Terms exams e,g. 33% of 15 marks 05 Marks will be awarded against all Theory paper with maximum marks of 85. 

Only the candidates who have appeared in any of the Assessments/Examination conducted either by School or Board will be eligible to be considered under this Policy.

Re-checking/Re-evaluation

As assessment has been done by the schools and the answer books of Terminal and Pre Board Examinations have been shown/handed over to the students by the school, therefore, the students will not be provided with the chance of re-checking/re-evaluation.

Result Tabulation Committee

To ensure subject wise fair evaluation, each school shall constitute a Result Tabulation Committee consisting of Principal/Headmaster and teachers of the concerned school to finalize the marks on award lists that will be provided by HPBOSE

Additional Subject

The student applied to take Exam in Additional Subject is 291 in numbers. Such students shall be awarded Minimum Passing Marks.

Compartment

There are 2654 students under this category. They will also be awarded Minimum Passing Marks

Improvement of Performance

There are 147 students under this category. Since no objective criteria are possible to judiciously determine the improvement of Score, hence, such students will not be covered under this policy of promotion of students to the next higher class as such students are already declared Passed.

HP State Open School Candidates

There are 14929 students enrolled under State Open School. There are five categories of candidates in HP State Open Schooling as follows:

  1. Direct Admission (Without TOC)
  2. Improvement of Performance
  3. Additional Subjects
  4. Re-Appear
  5. Full Subject (with TOC, Previously Regular)

Out of the above 5 categories, candidates appearing against Sr. No. 1-2, will not be promoted to the next higher class, however, the Board will conduct the examination of these students as and when the conditions are conducive to hold the examination. Since no objective criteria is possible to judiciously determine the Improvement of Score, hence, such students will not be covered under this policy.

Candidates appearing against category 3 i.e., Additional Subject, will be awarded Minimum Pass Marks

Since all candidates appearing against category 4 and 5 have already studied Matriculation class in the previous year(s), therefore, these candidates will be awarded Minimum Pass Marks and promoted to the next higher class However, Instructions regarding the evaluation of Hindi Paper will be issued separately.

Merit List

A merit list will also be drawn for March/April 2021 Matriculation Examination.

If a candidate is not satisfied with his/her result

Any candidate who is not satisfied with the Result/marks will be allowed to appear in the Improvement of Performance examination as and when the conditions become conducive to conduct the examination.

Pertinent to mention that the Annual Examination of Matriculation and Senior Secondary (Plus Two) classes of HP Board of School Education commenced on April 13, 2021. Only one exam of both the classes i.e. Hindi of Matriculation and English paper of Plus Two Examination was conducted smoothly on the said date. There was total 1,31,902 candidates (1,16,973 regular and 14, 929 SOS) appearing for Matriculation Examination.

The Government of Himachal Pradesh postponed the scheduled examination of both classes on April 14. Later Matriculation Examination was cancelled on May 6, 2021.

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Following Cancellation of CBSE Class 12 Exams, CISCE Scraps Exams Too

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HPBOSE class 12 exams cancelled

New Delhi: Class 12 CBSE Board Exams have been cancelled. The decision came following a review meeting of the Central Government on Tuesday. The result will be compiled as per well defined objective criteria in a time bound manner, the government said. The announcement for cancellation of class 12 Boards came two days before the Supreme Court’s hearing on the plea seeking cancellation of exams.

“In view of the uncertain conditions due to COVID and the feedback obtained from various stakeholders, it was decided that Class XII Board Exams would not be held this year. It was also decided that CBSE will take steps to compile the results of class XII students as per a well-defined objective criteria in a time-bound manner,” said a statement issued by the Centre Government.

However, an option to appear in the examination would be provided by CBSE to any student who is not satisfied with the assessment as and when the situation becomes conducive, the statement said.

Shortly after CBSE announced the cancellation for Class 12 Boards, the Council For The Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) also scrapped its ISC examinations for this year. The students will be evaluated through an alternative scheme, informed CISCE.

Haryana Education Minister Kanwar Pal Gujjar also announced that the state would follow the Government’s decision on CBSE. Other states are yet to announce their decision on holding state board examinations. However it is being speculated that all the BJP ruled states are likely to follow Centre’s lead.

Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackrey welcomed Centre’s decision. Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said that the decision is “a big relief.”

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