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Himachal set to meet the goals for under-five mortality rate and Infant mortality rate

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Only six of the 29 states, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Punjab, and West Bengal, are likely to attain the goals of an infant mortality rate (IMR) of 26 per 1,000 live births and under five-morality rate of 42 by 2015.

Child mortality, which is a sensitive indicator of a country’s socio-economic development, has been a priority for the Government of India over the past several decades. The country has realized impressive gains in child survival however, at the current pace, is unlikely to achieve the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 -which aims to reduce Under-Five Mortality (U5MR) by two thirds between 1990 and 2015- unless the related socio-economic; maternal and demographic; and environmental determinants are urgently addressed.

This is one of the conclusions of The Infant and Child Mortality India Report released by the National Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the UNICEF India Country Office. Six states, namely Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and West Bengal are likely to achieve the goal by 2015.
Analyses of data from the Sample Registration System (1978-2010) and three rounds of National Family Health Surveys conducted in the years 1992-93, 1998-99 and 2005-06 indicates that following the rapid decline in the seventies, U5MR stagnated in the nineties and then started declining again in the last decade. It fell to a level of 118 in 1990 to 93 in 2000 and 59 in 2009. Though U5MR has always been lower in urban than in rural areas, the decline in urban areas has been slower than in rural areas in the last two decades, narrowing the gap.

“Accelerating child survival calls for new approaches to child mortality that goes beyond disease-programme and sector-specific approaches,” said Dr. V.M Katoch, Director General Indian Council of Medical Research and Secretary, Department of Health Research, Government of India.

The study provides evidence on key social and economic determinants of U5MR. It especially highlights the impact of maternal education on child survival: the impact is high and significant when mothers have had at least 8 years of schooling. The report also highlights the fact that births to adolescent mothers are at a significant greater risk of dying in childhood; so are those born within 2 years of the previous pregnancy. The report further point out that maternal malnutrition (under nutrition) as well as obesity imposes a greater mortality risk on the off-springs.
While economic status was found to have a strong and significant association with child survival, the good news is that progress in child survival in India has been equitable: between 1981 and 2005, while U5MR has declined across all economic groups, the drop was much higher among the low Standard of Living Index (SLI) households (37%), than those born in high SLI (117%); thereby narrowing the gap.

“A renewed focus on empowering women and promoting equity in access to health services will help guide actions for accelerating child survival in India, as we move towards the year 2015 and beyond. We require a comprehensive approach that includes not only increasing coverage of key child survival interventions, but also improving quality of perinatal care, promoting education of girls beyond primary, delaying the age at marriage and childbirth and ensuring adequate spacing between births”, stated Louis-Georges Arsenault, UNICEF India Representative.
In terms of environmental determinants, the study suggests that children living in households with access to unsafe source of drinking water were at greater risk of death. Neonatal, post-neonatal and child mortality is also higher for children in households that do not have access to a flush or pit toilet.

According to the Director of NIMS, Professor Arvind Pandey, the report is an important planning tool. “The results of this study underscore the need for addressing wider determinants of child mortality to achieve MDG-4 and not restrict to addressing only the direct causes.”
To read the Full Report click here

Press Note released by UNICEF

Madan has studied English Literature and Journalism from HP University and lives in Shimla. He is an amateur photographer and has been writing on topics ranging from environmental, socio-economic, development programs, education, eco-tourism, eco-friendly lifestyle and to green technologies for over 9 years now. He has an inclination for all things green, wonderful and loves to live in solitude. When not writing, he can be seen wandering, trying to capture the world around him in his DSLR lens.

Misc News/Press Release

HP Govt Gives Sanskrit Status of Second Language, Says Wants to Make It Practical, Popular

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HP Govt Gives Sanskrit Status of Second Language

Shimla– The State Government has given Sanskrit the status of the second language to make it practical and popularized amongst the masses. It was informed by Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur after releasing the Newsletter of H.P. Board of School Education Dharamshala today.

Chairman, H.P. Board of School Education Dharamshala Dr. Suresh Kumar Soni, while detailing the various activities of the Board, said that it was for the first time that 45 examination centres in the schools would be managed by women staff named as ‘Savitri Bai Phule’ in the honour of first female teacher of India and founder of first Indian girl school in Pune in 1848.

Chief Minister lauded the effort of the Board in bringing out the Newsletter in Hindi, Sanskrit and English.

The Board has been suggested to install CCTV Cameras in all the examination centres to discourage the students from using unfair means during the examinations.

Chief Minister said he also felt the need to promote moral education, Vedic maths and vocational education in the school curriculum.

Further, Soni informed that as many as 1,09,315 samplings were also planted in premises of various schools of the State.

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COVID-19 Update: 9 New Cases in Himachal Including a 75-Year-old Kidney Patient in Critical Condition  

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Himachal PRadesh corona virus daily report may 29

Hamirpur– On Friday, as per the daily mid-day bulletin issued by the Health Department for May 29, the COVID-19 tally for Himachal Pradesh has reached 290 as nine new cases have been reported from Hamirpur and Kangra district. While five persons tested positive in Hamirpur, four cases were reported from Kangra district. One person is said to be critical and admitted to the Nerchowk Medical College.

Kangra and Hamirpur have reported 172 cases out of the total 290 cases in the State, and this number continues to spiral upward. So far, no cases have been reported from Kinnaur and Lahaul-Spiti, which implies that the remaining eight districts have reported 118 cases.

Himachal Pradesh Daily Corona report may 29

Among today’s cases, the persons tested positive from Hamirpur include a 31-year-old man and his 28-year-old wife from Maahal area and both had returned from Ahmadabad. They were under institutional quarantined at Nadaun Degree College. Third-person has been identified as a 34-year-old resident of Bakarti and had returned from Delhi. Remaining two cases include a 32-year-old woman from Naduan who had returned from Mumbai and a 57-year-old resident of Tauni Devi who had returned from Kota, Rajasthan. All were under institutional quarantine.

In Kangra, three persons who tested positive had returned from Maharashtra on May 25. They include a 42-year-old female from Sanghol, a 33-year-old man from Gadran, and 27-year-old from Thural.

In the fourth case, a 75-year-old person who is a kidney patient and is in critical condition, has been referred to Nerchowk. He had returned from Delhi.

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COVID-19 Update: Eight New Cases from Three Districts Take Total for Himachal to 281

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Himachal Pradesh Covid-19 cases on may 28

Shimla– The COVID-19 tally for Himachal Pradesh reached 281 on May 28 with detection of infection in eight more people from Solan, Kangra, and Mandi districts.

According to the daily COVID-19 bulletin (9:00 PM) released by the Health Department, four cases were reported from Kangra, three from Solan, and one from Mandi district.

The cases from Kangra include a 60-year-old resident of Indora, a 20-year-old female resident of Baijnath, a 30-year-old resident of Nagrota-Bagwan, and a 35-year-old female resident of Baijnath. All of these persons had returned from Mumbai in a special train and were under institutional quarantine in Parror.

In Solan’s Baddi, three persons who tested positive include a 30-year-old woman who had returned from Uttar Pradesh. Two other include a mother and son, residents of Ramshahar, who had returned from Delhi on May 22 and were under institutional quarantine.

The person who tested positive in Mandi had returned from Pune. He was identified as a 20-year-old resident of Jogindernagar. He was also under institutional quarantine.

Till the last update on May 28, the total for the State had risen to 281, of which 199 are active. So far, Hamirpur, Kangra, and Una have reported 93, 69, and 32 confirmed COVID-19 cases respectively. On May 28, a total of 1615 persons were tested, of which 1125 tested negative, while report of 489 was still awaited. 

Refer to the table below for data from other districts:

District-Wise COVID-19 Cases in Himachal Pradesh Till May 28, 2020 (9:00 PM)

Himachal Pradesh District wise Covid-19 data till 28 May

 

 

 

 

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