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Himachal gets Rs. 800 crores loan from Japan to fix environmental damage caused by developmental projects

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Himachal Pradesh Livelihood and Forest Ecosystems Management

Shimla: The Himachal Pradesh Livelihood and Forest Ecosystems Management project has been finally signed between the Indian Government and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).  The Agency on March 29, 2018, signed loan agreements to provide Japanese ODA loans of up to a total of 187.884 billion yen to India for five projects.

The Rs. 800 crore project for Himachal is one of these agreements. The project would be implemented six districts namely, Bilaspur, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti, Mandi and Shimla in next ten years.

Out of total project cost, Rs. 640 crore would be provided as loans.

The government says it will establish a sustainable forest conservation system for local economic development with help of this loan. As per the HP Government, the following are the objectives of the project:

  1. Sustainable Forest Ecosystem Management
  2. Sustainable Biodiversity Management
  3. Livelihoods Improvement Support
  4.  Institutional Capacity Strengthening

What is HP Livelihood and Forest Ecosystems Management?

As per the agreement, the project will promote activities pertaining to sustainable forest ecosystem management and biodiversity conservation in Himachal, as well as creating an implementation system for those activities, building the capacity of participants, and strengthening the livelihood infrastructure of local residents. These measures will strengthen the ecosystem management system in the forested areas of the Hill State.

If the government is to be believed, the project is expected to implement afforestation activities over an area covering at least 10,000 hectares in Himachal. T

The local residents will be given training for sustainable forest ecosystem management and biodiversity conservation. The project also includes extending support for livelihood improvements such as in poultry farming and horticulture will also be provided.

Why Himachal Need It

As per the project details, the major concern is to protect biodiversity and conserve forests. The State is filled with rugged topography, from low hills to soaring mountains, and also has a diverse ecosystem.

The state as a whole is also a part of the Himalayan biodiversity hotspot,* and is a house of many endangered species listed on the IUCN Red List.

There is no doubt about it that the State requires ecosystem conservation. The forest resource use is increasing due to a rising population, the burden on forest resources has been growing due to deforestation by development projects, and the forests have been suffering from local degradation due to forest fires and other causes.

Such forest degradation affects the biological habitat, threatening the loss of the biodiversity. In addition, wild animals have frequently appeared in the human biosphere in recent years because of forest degradation, and there has been much damage to residents, livestock and more.

Therefore, it requires necessary steps to quickly strengthen forest conservation and biodiversity conservation measures.

Details of the All MoU Signed 

    Annual interest rate (%)    
Project title Amount (million yen)    
Project Consulting services Repayment period (years) Grace period (years
           
           
Mumbai Metro Line 3 Project (II) 100,000 1.5 0.01 30 10
Project for Construction of Chennai Seawater Desalination Plant (I) 30,000 1.5 0.01 30 10
Project for Improvement of Himachal Pradesh Forest Ecosystems Management and Livelihoods 11,136 1.3 0.01 30 10
Project for Installation of Chennai Metropolitan Area Intelligent Transport Systems 8,082 1.5 0.01 30 10
North East Road Network Connectivity Improvement Project (Phase 2) 38,666 1.2 0.01 30 10
Total 187,884        

 

* Biodiversity hotspot: An area designated by Conservation International having a significant level of biodiversity with many unique species and being threatened with severe destruction of the ecosystem.

Environment

Disturbing Ashwani Khad viral video is real, but fake for Govt (more clips)

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ashwani khad comparison 2

Shimla: A disturbing viral video showing a large stream carrying tons of solid garbage is indeed the Ashwani Khad or Asni river – a major source of drinking water to Shimla town and Solan.

It has been confirmed that Shimla has now begun to destroy the very sources that offer them invaluable drinking water. Anyone who came across this scene was bewildered.

Himachal Watcher talked to the person, Abhay Sharma and a few other locals, who had recorded the videos as well as the one who had uploaded it on social media. The video was recorded on July 2 near Ashwani Khad not far from Salogra in Solan district.

The gigantic amount of thrash and various sorts of other waste is also real, HW was told.

Not just solid waste like plastic and plastic bottles and bags, thermocol etc., but it also carried a large amount of sewage allegedly discharged under the cover of the heavy rain. The entire region was filled with an unbearable smell of sewage. HW was told.

The contamination of the stream not only threatens the environment but also poses a serious health hazard to the health of the people who receive this water as a drinking water supply.

However, as a shocker, when HW asked the Deputy Commissioner of Shimla, Amit Kashyap regarding the video, he insisted that it was a fake video.

The video is edited and the location also appears to be foreign. The type of plastic visible in the video is not found in Shimla, and there is no such green patch near Salogra or Ashwani Khad,

the DC insisted.

It was a typical ostrich approach – closing eyes and denying the threat. 

When asked about waste management in rural areas of upper Shimla region, he said everything is fine and the waste is disposed of properly.

We have formed teams to monitor and ensure proper arrangements for the waste disposal,

he said.

He also insisted that the daily solid waste generated by the town is also collected daily and taken to the waste treatment plant in Bhariyal.

Officials of the Shimla Municipal Corporation and the State Pollution Control Board are also washing their hands off by terming the video as fake. As per these bodies, everything is at its place.

As per complainants, it began to happen from past couple of years, especially during heavy monsoon rains.

It’s not the first time that the Khad (rivulet) was flooded with an overwhelming amount of thrash. We have witnessed it at least thrice earlier including twice this year,

Abhay, who is also a member of the non-profit organization Healing Himalayas, told Himachal Watcher.

The complainants suggested that it happens when it rains heavy in Shimla. Ashwani Khad flows through upper areas of Shimla like Charabra and passes through the periphery of Shimla town.

The solid waste collection and treatment is in tatters in both the Shimla town and upper areas under Panchayats.

Himachal Watcher also talked to the former Mayor of Shimla town, Sanjay Chauhan.

He rubbished these statements of the district administration and the civic body saying that a large amount of garbage begins to enter the stream starting from upper Shimla due to lack of waste management.

To check random dumping of the trash generated by panchayats, we had taken an initiative under which panchayats were provided facility to remove garbage, and a small amount of fee was charged from panchayats. The scheme was now suspended and the solid waste is thrown anywhere. With heavy rain, it’s washed away and enters the stream,

said Sanjay.

He further pointed out that the garbage generated by residents of Krishna Nagar (Slum) is thrown down the hill. This waste keeps accumulating throughout the year. When it rains heavy, it’s washed away and goes directly into the Khad in Lalpani.

The solid waste collection and management have deteriorated during the past one year. The workers either remained on strike as much as four to five times or didn’t collected the garbage regularly due to poor attitude of the MC towards their demands and grievances,

Sanjay said.

Now, the SMC has handed over the job of door-to-door garbage to a private contractor. The company was supposed to take the charge of sanitation work in five wards from July 1, 2018, however, neither the contractor nor his workers begun the work so far, said Sanjay.

The only way to control it is to ensure that no waste is dumped near the Khad, which is not happening.

Meanwhile, the video is doing rounds of social media not just in India but also in other foreign countries.  Now, it is to be seen whether the State government bothers to order a probe into it or just take it casually.

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Campus Watch

HIMCOSTE PLS: Eminent scientist & activist Dr Vandana Shiva to speak at Shimla on July 17

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Navdanya founder dr shiva

Shimla: Himachal Pradesh Council for Science Technology and Environment (HIMCOSTE), Shimla is organising Popular Lecture Series (PLS) under its Science Popularisation programme.

This programme started under Science Popularisation since 2017 for Science students of Govt. Degree Colleges of all the Districts of Himachal Pradesh. The programme is funded by Department of Science & Technology, Govt. of India, under the Science Day and Mathematics Day celebration.

Eminent speakers/scientists are invited to address students so that they are motivated for taking up Science & Technology and work for the betterment of the community.
This series of lectures will be organised in the first phase at the:

  1. Government Degree College (GDC), Sanjauli, Shimla on July 17
  2. GDC Bilaspur on August 1
  3. GDC Hamirpur on August 2
  4. GDC Nathan on August 8
  5. GDC Solan August 9

Following five renowned and eminent scientists and environmental activist will deliver lectures :

  1. Dr Vandana Shiva, founder of Navdanya
  2. Retd. Prof. PK Ahluwalia, Department of Physics HP University
  3. Dr Patrick Das Gupta, Department of Physics & Astrophysics University of Delhi
  4. Dr Kiran Katoch, Dr AS Paintal Chair (ICMR) IIHMR University, Jaipur
  5. Dr Ravi Chopra, Director Peoples Science Institute Dehradun
  6. Dr Rajeev Kumar Puri, Department of Physics University of Punjab

 

The second phase in other Districts would be organised in September and October 2018.

Dr Vandana Shiva at Sanjauli College on sustainable Mountain Agriculture & Organic Farming

The First lecture in this series would be delivered by Dr Vandana Shiva, founder of Navdanya – a national movement to protect the diversity and integrity of living resources, especially native seeds and to promote organic farming and fair trade

For the last two decades, Navdanya has worked with local communities and organizations serving more than 5,00,000 men and women farmers. Navdanya’s efforts have resulted in conservation of more than 3000 rice varieties from all over the country and have established 60seed banks in 16 states across the country.

In 2004, she started Bija Vidyapeeth, an international college for sustainable living in Doon Valley in collaboration with Schumacher College, U.K.

Dr Shiva combines the sharp intellectual enquiry with courageous activism. She is equally at ease working with peasants in rural India and teaching in Universities worldwide.

Time Magazine identified Dr Shiva as an environmental “hero” in 2003 and Asia Week has called her one of the five most powerful communicators of Asia. Forbes magazine in November 2010 has identified Dr Vandana Shiva as one of the top seven most Powerful Women on the Globe.

The topic of the talk by Dr Vandana Shiva would be “Sustainable Mountain Agriculture & Organic Farming” at Govt. Degree College, Sanjauli on July 17, 2018, where 1000 science students are expected to get benefitted by this talk. The Science faculty of Sanjauli College would attend this talk.

Kunal Satyarthi, IFS Member Secretary HIMCOSTE, will be present on the occasion.

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Environment

15 lakh saplings planted in Himachal by 80,000 people in 3 days, claims Forest Minister

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15 lakh sapling planted in Himachal Pradesh on van mahotsav

Shimla: The Forest Minister Govind Singh Thakur today said that three days statewide plantation campaign from 12 to 14 July 2018 was launched in the State and more than 15 lakh saplings were planted in different parts of the State.

He said that the campaign was undertaken in all 13 Forest Circles in the state and Forty-one Forest Divisions participated in the campaign. Plantations were performed at 600 sites of the state. Chamba Forest Division with 99,281 plants was at First position followed by Ani and Rampur Forest Divisions with 81,369 and 80,059 plants respectively.

More than six lakh deodar species were planted beside broad leave and other conifers. He said that the entire plantation campaign was monitored online.

He said that all walks of life including school children, women, senior citizen and youth comprising 80000 people actively participated in the campaign. Plantation activities were performed from the boundaries of the state in the north with Jammu and Kashmir to Yamuna River in south and Kinnaur district in the east to boundaries of the state with Punjab in the west, he added.

Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur had inaugurated state level Van Mahotsav on July 10 from Rajgargh in Sirmaur district. Governor Acharya Devvrat also participated in the campaign at Nehra in Shimla District on July 13 2018.

He said that plantation activities are still going on and it is expected that total 17 lakh plants will be planted by the end of the campaign.

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