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PCB installs 12 electronic screens in Himachal, will display air quality

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HP PCB Electronic displays

Shimla: The State Government of Himachal Pradesh has launched 12 electronic display screens of the State Pollution Control Board,

The State PCB will provide complete detail of PM.10, Nitrogen Oxides and Sulfur Dioxide amounts in the air in the respective area.

These Screens have been installed at Shimla and Dharamshala towns and one each at Baddi, Damtal, Kala Amb, Manali, Parwanoo, Poanta Sahib, Sundernagar and Una at cost of Rs. 35 lakh, the government said.

In addition to this, these screens will also display details regarding environmental issues such as water and noise pollution, civil and bio-medical waste management, water management and temperature of the concerned cities.

The purpose, the government said, is to create environmental awareness and monitor, maintain a salubrious environment of the state.

Additional Chief Secretary Manisha Nanda, Member Secretary State Pollution Control Board Dr R.K. Pruthi and other officers of the Board were present during the launch by the Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur.

There is, indeed, a dire need of creating awareness and taking preventive steps against the environmental pollution. Pollution is on rising in towns of Himachal. The Municipal Councils of respective districts do not have waste treatment plants and still use landfill sites.

The civic body of the capital Shimla is itself indulged in burning garbage in open. The construction has worsened the dust pollution while deforestation is taking place on a massive scale for the developmental projects like four lanes.

Feature Photo: Representational Purpose Only

Environment

Draft National Forest Policy 2018: An invitation to wrath of privatization on forestland

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New Forest Policy of India

Shimla: The Draft National Forest Policy 2018, which is intended to replace the National Forest Policy, 1988, is being perceived as an attempt to privatise the forests on the name of increasing productivity through Public-Private-Partnership model.

Over 150 organizations and environmental activists from all over India including Himachal Pradesh have written to the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) raising objections to the serious flaws in it.

The government came out with this draft last month, for which they had invited comments and suggestions from concerned citizens before April 14.

After this proposal, the tribal, forest rights groups, and conservationists have rejected the policy on various grounds.  The strongest ground is the thrust on ‘production forestry’ and allowing entry of private companies in forestry projects for commercial plantations. 

Another big reason to worry is the authority the new Policy gives to Government to dilute the rights of the tribal people or those dependent on forest resources for their livelihood. The Forest Rights Act 2006 says the resources of a forest belong to its community.

Currently, there are provisions, which empower these forest communities to have a say when it comes to establishing commercial projects in their area. 

The environmental experts are of the opinion that the new policy is snatching this power from the community. It will minimize the resistance from locals while the government and private firms decide the fate of their forests.

Himachal Van Adhikar Manch is one of these 150 signatories of the submission made to the MoEFCC. 

The Manch condemned the draft and said it is facilitating the entry of the private sector in forestry.

Private sector works for profit and profit alone. The only way to protect forests is to make these habitants the incharge and strengthen sustainable forest-based livelihoods,

added the Manch convener, Akshay Jasrotia, added.

While there is a need to review the old policy of 1988, this draft undoes some very important principles that the previous policy had put in place for the protection of forests, strengthening of forest-dependent communities, and their role in this regard, the Manch said.

It is astonishing that this draft policy lacks perspective and recognition that was included in the Forest Rights Act 2006 to address the historical injustice inflicted on the Adivasis and other forest dwellers through the colonization of the forest.

The Act attempts to restore the forests back to its original custodians, caretakers and dependents, the Adivasis and other forest-dwelling people, and put in place democratic mechanisms to govern the forests’ said the memorandum.

However, the draft policy does not recognise such aspects. 

The policy comes close to the heels of another legislation called Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, which has created an institutional mechanism for the utilisation of funds realised in lieu of forest land diversion for non-forest or developmental projects.

The objective of the Fund Act is to mitigate the impact of diversion of such forestland for dams, mines, industries etc.

However, the Act does not put in any safeguard to ensure that the community has a say in the process of utilisation of the funds for activities on forest land. It is in striking contrast to the provision for forest-dwelling communities in the FRA Act. 

In Himachal, where close to 70% of the geographical area is technically under forest land, the implementation of the FRA has been poor as it is. Forestland dependent people are being evicted by being labelled encroachers,

said Manshi Asher, a member of  Himdhara Collective,  and also a signatory to the submissions made to the MoEFCC.

Moves like the CAMPA and 2018-forest policy will further alienate people from forests and lead to conflicts. The forest department and private corporations will be taking on plantation drives in forests on which the locals are already dependent

, Manshi added. 

Is India’s Forest Cover Really Increasing?

As per the draft National Forest Policy, 2018, there has been an increase in forest and tree cover over the last decades and a “reduction in the diversion of forest land for other land uses despite compelling demands from the increasing population, industrialization, and rapid economic growth”.

 However, the State of the Forest Report 2017 says the forest cover has changed in the country and that there is an increase of one percent.

There is no separate data for plantations and forests, which makes it difficult to understand the actual extent of deforestation of natural forests, as well as the hidden diversion of forestland to industries. 

Many experts have pointed out that the reported increase in forest and tree cover does not necessarily include natural forests but manmade industrial /commercial monoculture plantations. 

In fact, the current diversion of forestlands to various “development” schemes is fast changing the landscape and degrading natural forests.

 According to an analysis by the Delhi-based environment group, Environment Impact Assessment Resource and Response Centre, the Indian government has, on an average, diverted 122 sq km of forests for development projects every year between 2014 and 2017.

This is equivalent to a forestland of the size of 63 football grounds being cleared every day for three years. In other words, in one day, India loses around 135 hectares of natural forestland due to development schemes.

Natural forests serve as a gene pool resource and help to maintain ecological balance. These forests need to be protected.

However, the draft National Forest Policy 2018, despite stating this objective, appears not to be in favor of conservation and regeneration of forests but for capture of forests by private, corporate entities through PPPs, production forestry, increasing productivity of plantations, production of quality timber and ignores fuel-wood and fodder for communities dependent on it

, Akshay Jasrotia added.

The Draft clearly facilitates the forest-industry interface. You can read detailed submission made to the MoEFCC here.

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Shimla city’s first grid-connected solar plant to save Rs. 97 lakhs on bill

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Solar power plants in Shimla city

Shimla: Shimla city today received its first grid-connected Solar Power Plant. The 34 KW plant is installed on the rooftop of the Himachal Pradesh Department of Environment, Science, and Technology.

This plant has been installed at a cost of Rs 19.23 lakh. In next 25 years, the plant is expected to save about Rs 97 lakhs on the electricity bill.  It was estimated that the plant will recover its installation and other expenditure within four to five years. Thereafter, it will generate revenue for the State.

The plant feature 112 solar panels of 1315 watt capacity per panel. The State Electricity Board has installed a bi-directional meter in the office premises to ensure energy inflow and outflow from solar plant to main electric grid.  

The information was provided by the Additional Chief Secretary and Principal Secretary to the Chief Minister, Manisha Nanda.

The Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur inaugurated the plant. Director Department of Environment, Science and Technology, D.C. Rana and other senior officers of the department were also present on the occasion.

The solar energy is not only environment-friendly but also cost-effective. Such power plants would be set up not only in government establishments but also on private houses as well, the Chief Minister said.

Adopting renewable energy technology such as solar plants in office premises will not only save energy but also help in environmental conservation.

If each one of us adopts solar-based energy technologies, we all can contribute towards energy saving and to a great extent meet the energy demand of the world,

he said.

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Himachal gets Rs. 800 crores loan from Japan to fix environmental damage caused by developmental projects

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Himachal Pradesh Livelihood and Forest Ecosystems Management

Shimla: The Himachal Pradesh Livelihood and Forest Ecosystems Management project has been finally signed between the Indian Government and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).  The Agency on March 29, 2018, signed loan agreements to provide Japanese ODA loans of up to a total of 187.884 billion yen to India for five projects.

The Rs. 800 crore project for Himachal is one of these agreements. The project would be implemented six districts namely, Bilaspur, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti, Mandi and Shimla in next ten years.

Out of total project cost, Rs. 640 crore would be provided as loans.

The government says it will establish a sustainable forest conservation system for local economic development with help of this loan. As per the HP Government, the following are the objectives of the project:

  1. Sustainable Forest Ecosystem Management
  2. Sustainable Biodiversity Management
  3. Livelihoods Improvement Support
  4.  Institutional Capacity Strengthening

What is HP Livelihood and Forest Ecosystems Management?

As per the agreement, the project will promote activities pertaining to sustainable forest ecosystem management and biodiversity conservation in Himachal, as well as creating an implementation system for those activities, building the capacity of participants, and strengthening the livelihood infrastructure of local residents. These measures will strengthen the ecosystem management system in the forested areas of the Hill State.

If the government is to be believed, the project is expected to implement afforestation activities over an area covering at least 10,000 hectares in Himachal. T

The local residents will be given training for sustainable forest ecosystem management and biodiversity conservation. The project also includes extending support for livelihood improvements such as in poultry farming and horticulture will also be provided.

Why Himachal Need It

As per the project details, the major concern is to protect biodiversity and conserve forests. The State is filled with rugged topography, from low hills to soaring mountains, and also has a diverse ecosystem.

The state as a whole is also a part of the Himalayan biodiversity hotspot,* and is a house of many endangered species listed on the IUCN Red List.

There is no doubt about it that the State requires ecosystem conservation. The forest resource use is increasing due to a rising population, the burden on forest resources has been growing due to deforestation by development projects, and the forests have been suffering from local degradation due to forest fires and other causes.

Such forest degradation affects the biological habitat, threatening the loss of the biodiversity. In addition, wild animals have frequently appeared in the human biosphere in recent years because of forest degradation, and there has been much damage to residents, livestock and more.

Therefore, it requires necessary steps to quickly strengthen forest conservation and biodiversity conservation measures.

Details of the All MoU Signed 

    Annual interest rate (%)    
Project title Amount (million yen)    
Project Consulting services Repayment period (years) Grace period (years
           
           
Mumbai Metro Line 3 Project (II) 100,000 1.5 0.01 30 10
Project for Construction of Chennai Seawater Desalination Plant (I) 30,000 1.5 0.01 30 10
Project for Improvement of Himachal Pradesh Forest Ecosystems Management and Livelihoods 11,136 1.3 0.01 30 10
Project for Installation of Chennai Metropolitan Area Intelligent Transport Systems 8,082 1.5 0.01 30 10
North East Road Network Connectivity Improvement Project (Phase 2) 38,666 1.2 0.01 30 10
Total 187,884        

 

* Biodiversity hotspot: An area designated by Conservation International having a significant level of biodiversity with many unique species and being threatened with severe destruction of the ecosystem.

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