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Excessive TV in childhood linked to long-term antisocial behaviour

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excessive tv

excessive tv

Research says that Watching more television in childhood was associated, in adulthood, with aggressive personality traits, an increased tendency to experience negative emotions, and an increased risk of antisocial personality disorder; a psychiatric disorder characterised by persistent patterns of aggressive and antisocial behaviour.

Children and adolescents who watch a lot of television are more likely to manifest antisocial and criminal behaviour when they become adults, according to a new University of Otago study published online in the US journal Pediatrics.

The study followed a group of around 1000 children born in Dunedin in 1972-73. Every two years between the ages of 5 and 15, they were asked how much television they watched. Those who watched more television were more likely to have a criminal conviction and were also more likely to have antisocial personality traits in adulthood.

Study co-author Associate Professor Bob Hancox of the University’s Department of Preventive and Social Medicine says he and colleagues found that the risk of having a criminal conviction by early adulthood increased by about 30% with every hour that children spent watching TV on an average weeknight.

The study also found that watching more television in childhood was associated, in adulthood, with aggressive personality traits, an increased tendency to experience negative emotions, and an increased risk of antisocial personality disorder; a psychiatric disorder characterised by persistent patterns of aggressive and antisocial behaviour.

The researchers found that the relationship between TV viewing and antisocial behaviour was not explained by socio-economic status, aggressive or antisocial behaviour in early childhood, or parenting factors.

A study co-author, Lindsay Robertson, says it is not that children who were already antisocial watched more television. “Rather, children who watched a lot of television were likely to go on to manifest antisocial behaviour and personality traits.”

Other studies have suggested a link between television viewing and antisocial behaviour, though very few have been able to demonstrate a cause-and-effect sequence. This is the first ‘real-life’ study that has asked about TV viewing throughout the whole childhood period, and has looked at a range of antisocial outcomes in adulthood. As an observational study, it cannot prove that watching too much television caused the antisocial outcomes, but the findings are consistent with most of the research and provides further evidence that excessive television can have long-term consequences for behaviour.

“Antisocial behaviour is a major problem for society. While we’re not saying that television causes all antisocial behaviour, our findings do suggest that reducing TV viewing could go some way towards reducing rates of antisocial behaviour in society,” says Associate Professor Hancox.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children should watch no more than 1 to 2 hours of quality television programming each day. The researchers say their findings support the idea that parents should try to limit their children’s television use.

This research emerges from the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study. The Study is run by the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Research Unit, which is supported by the Health Research Council of New Zealand.

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HP Cabinet Decisions June 11: Read New Corona Curfew Guidelines, UG Exams Schedule, Reliefs and Other Decisions

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corona curfew HP cabinet decisions june 11

Shimla-Himachal Pradesh Cabinet today allowed more relaxations in the corona curfew imposed in the state. The state government has increased the timing for opening shops. From June 14 onwards, shops in Himachal would remain open from 9 am to 5 pm. All shops would be allowed to open except on Saturday and Sunday. 

Intrastate public transport would be allowed with 50 percent occupancy. Section 144 lifted and no requirement of RTPCR tests for entering in the State. Corona curfew to continue from 5pm to 5am.

The offices, which were operating with 30% staff, would also open with 50% and 75% capacity. All the medical colleges, ayurvedic colleges and dental colleges would remain open from 23rd June. Pharmacy and nursing schools to open from 28th June.

The Cabinet decided to conduct examinations of Graduate and Shastri final year during July 2021, as per SoPs issued by UGC. It also decided to hold the examinations of the Graduate 1st and 2nd year after the final examinations are over. It also decided to start the academic session for the year 2021-22 for graduation classes from the 1st week of August this year.

No relaxation was given in restrictions on the number of people allowed to attend marriages, which is currently 20. The temples would also remain closed.

For transporters, the state government did not announce any big relief except an Interest Subvention Scheme on working capital for stage carriage operators. Under this scheme, a loan amount of Rs 2 lakh per bus and a maximum amount up to Rs 20 lakh would be provided to the bus operators as working capital.  The duration of the loan would be 5 years, in which one year would be of moratorium period, there would be 75 percent interest subvention, which would be paid by the state government.  In the second year, there would be an interest subvention of 50 years which would be borne by the state government.  About Rs. 11 crore relief has been provided by the government on this scheme. 

The Stage Carriage, Taxi, Maxi, Autorickshaw and Institution Buses would be given the relief of 50 percent on payment of Special Road Tax and Token from 1st August 2020 to 31st March, 2021.  The Transport sector would get relief of about Rs. 20 crore due to this decision. 

It also decided to provide 50 percent relief on Special Road Tax and Token Tax during the period of three months from 1st April, 2021 to 30th June 2021.  This decision would provide relief of Rs. 8 crores to stage carriages, taxis, maxi, autorickshaws, contract carriage buses and institution buses. 

The Cabinet directed the Jal Shakti Department to go ahead for filling up 2322 posts of different categories under the Departmental Para Workers Policy to effectively manage 486 drinking water and 31 irrigation schemes in the State.

The Cabinet also decided to create and fill up 401 posts of different categories in Trauma/Tertiary Care Centre in IGMC and Super Specialty Block Chamiana of IGMC Shimla for its smooth functioning and to provide specialized health care facilities to the people of the State besides  328 posts of different categories on outsourcing basis.

HP Govt Jobs/Vacancies 

It also decided to fill up

  1. Four posts of Mining Guards on a contract basis in Geological Wing of Industries Department through direct recruitment.
  2. Three posts of Inspector, grade-I in Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs Department on contract basis for better functioning of the department.
  3. Seven posts of Junior Office Assistant (IT) in the Himachal Pradesh Election Department on a contract basis through direct recruitment. 
  4. Two posts of drivers on daily wage basis in Deputy Commissioner Office Chamba.
  5. Two posts of class-IV employees on daily wage basis in Himachal Pradesh Revenue Training Institute Jogindernagar in Mandi district.
  6. Create and fill up one post of Reader cum Associate Professor in Sister Nivedita Government Nursing College, Shimla.
  7. Create and fill up one post of Medical Superintendent in 200 bedded Civil Hospital Nurpur in Kangra district for its effective functioning.

The Cabinet gave its nod to revised scheme for Interest Subvention on Working Capital Loan for Hospitality. The revised scheme provides for interest subversion of 75percent in first year and payment period has also been increased to five years. Some other categories like ropeway and travel agents have also been included in the new scheme.

The Cabinet decided to include the families under National Food Security Act (Priority Households Category) where death occurred due to the Covid pandemic. The guidelines for identification of Priority Households under the National Food Security Act, 2013 issued on 1st August 2013 would be relaxed to give them immediate relief and such families would immediately be included by Gram Panchayats and Urban Local Bodies under National Food Security Act (PHH category) by simply getting Covid death certificates of such persons who died due to Corona.

The Cabinet gave its approval to make necessary amendments in Mukhya Mantri Swalamban Yojna 2019 to include Service enterprises and related goods carriers that can be combined as composite related activities. It also envisages increasing the maximum investment ceiling of Rs. 60 lakh in plant and machinery with total cost project not exceeding Rs. 100 lakh in place of existing Rs. 40 lakh and Rs. 60 lakh respectively. It also allowed an increasing interest subsidy of five percent on loan amount upto Rs. 60 lakh instead of Rs. 40 lakh. This would facilitate youth to take maximum benefits from this Yojna.

The Cabinet decided to grant ex post facto permission to set up/ operationalize Makeshift Hospitals at Pandoga in district Una (200 bedded) Radha Soami Satsang at Parour in Palampur (500 bedded), Radha Soami Satsang at Khaliar in Mandi district and Radha Soami Satsang at Anji in Solan district (200 bedded) in public interest. It also decided to provide 60 staff nurses, six ward sisters, 30 ward boys, 20 sweepers, 15 security personnel, 10 housekeeping persons and five DEOs each on an outsourcing basis.

It also decided to create one post for each of Junior Office Assistant (IT) and Class-IV in the newly created Sub Divisional Election Office at Gagret in Una district. The post of Junior Office Assistant (IT) would be filled up on a contract basis whereas the Class-IV post would be filled up on daily wage basis.

The Cabinet decided to take over the Saraswati Sanskrit Degree College Dangar, tehsil Ghumarwin of Bilaspur district under government control.

The Cabinet decided to enhance the honorarium of all the categories of teachers appointed under SMC by Rs. 500 per month from 1st April 2021.

The Cabinet also decided to increase the honorarium of Cook cum Helper under the Mid-Day Meal Yojna of Elementary Education Department by Rs. 300 per month from 1st April 2021.  

 

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554 New Covid Cases, 15 Deaths in 24 Hours in Himachal

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Hp govt daiy covid update june 9

Shimla-Though number of daily Covid cases in Himachal Pradesh remains low, the fatality numbers are still in two digits. On Wednesday, according to the state health department, the state reported 554 new case and 15 fatalities. Further, the government has issued schedule for vaccination of persons in various categories.  The state government said it would no more procure vaccine for 18-44 years age group as the Centre had revised the guidelines for the vaccination policy. View more details below.

Covid-19 Update for Himachal Pradesh – June 9, 2021, Till 7 PM

 Positive Cases

554

 Sampling

22047

Covid-19 Deaths

15

Active Cases

6682

Cured

839

Highest Cases (District)

Mandi (100)

Highest Covid-19 Deaths (District)

Mandi, Kangra (4 Each)

Mucormycosis Cases

0

Mucormycosis Deaths

0

Total Mucormycosis Deaths Till Date

4

Total Number of Positive Cases Till Date

196905

Total Covid-19 Deahts Till Date

3327

Total Sampling Till Date

2079170

Vaccine Doses Administers 

3261

Total Vaccine Doses Till Date

2486815

Total of 1st Doses Till Date

2049696

Total of 2nd Doses Till Date

437119

 

View the District-wise Details of all COVID-19 Deaths for June 9, 2021 (Till 7 pm) Below:

COvid deaths in himachal on june 9

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So Far Himachal Recorded 17 CAM Cases and Four Deaths, Read Advisory on Management & Treatment

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CAM cases in himachal pradesh

Shimla-So far Himachal Pradesh has recorded 17 cases of Covid-19 Associated Mucormycosis (CAM), which is also called black fungus infection. Of these cases, seven patients belong to District Kangra, while Shimla and Solan’s districts have reported two cases each. One case was reported from Mandi and five from Hamirpur. These are official statistics available based on the entries made by the Districts/Institution Incharges on the Covid-19 portal of India.

So far, four of these patients with CAM have died in the State.

The government of India has issued an advisory on the treatment and management of CAM.

Use of a clean mask even in the home environment, appropriate dose and duration of steroids use, proper sugar control in patients with Covid-19 can reduce the incidence of CAM. Also early diagnosis and appropriate management by multidisciplinary team of doctors can lead to better outcomes in this disease, the advisory said.

Further, the National Task Force on Covid-19 has reviewed the treatment of Covid-19 Associated Mucormycosis and has given recommendations on the various treatment options. As per the task force Amphotericin B, both in the Amphotericin lipid complex/liposomal and Amphotericin B Deoxycholate forms, is equally efficacious for treatment of CAM cases. However, the latter is more toxic to the kidneys and therefore should be administered along with monitoring of kidneys’ functions and electrolyte imbalance, the advisory said.

Measures to reduce nephrotoxicity include slow infusion, 500 ml normal saline along with amphotericin B and premedication to avoid infusion reaction. Liposomal Amphotericin B is to be preferred in patients who have mucormycosis of the brain or in patients who are intolerant to Amphotericin B deoxycholate.

 The joint task force has also recommended that injection Posaconazole can be used in cases of Non-availability of Amphotericin B or in those patients having severe intolerance to Amphotericin B.

An appeal has been made to create awareness among the people about the symptoms of CAM and post Covid-19 consultations with an eye specialist, ear nose throat specialist, neuro surgeons and dentists should be undertaken, if required.

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