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Excessive TV in childhood linked to long-term antisocial behaviour

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Research says that Watching more television in childhood was associated, in adulthood, with aggressive personality traits, an increased tendency to experience negative emotions, and an increased risk of antisocial personality disorder; a psychiatric disorder characterised by persistent patterns of aggressive and antisocial behaviour.

Children and adolescents who watch a lot of television are more likely to manifest antisocial and criminal behaviour when they become adults, according to a new University of Otago study published online in the US journal Pediatrics.

The study followed a group of around 1000 children born in Dunedin in 1972-73. Every two years between the ages of 5 and 15, they were asked how much television they watched. Those who watched more television were more likely to have a criminal conviction and were also more likely to have antisocial personality traits in adulthood.

Study co-author Associate Professor Bob Hancox of the University’s Department of Preventive and Social Medicine says he and colleagues found that the risk of having a criminal conviction by early adulthood increased by about 30% with every hour that children spent watching TV on an average weeknight.

The study also found that watching more television in childhood was associated, in adulthood, with aggressive personality traits, an increased tendency to experience negative emotions, and an increased risk of antisocial personality disorder; a psychiatric disorder characterised by persistent patterns of aggressive and antisocial behaviour.

The researchers found that the relationship between TV viewing and antisocial behaviour was not explained by socio-economic status, aggressive or antisocial behaviour in early childhood, or parenting factors.

A study co-author, Lindsay Robertson, says it is not that children who were already antisocial watched more television. “Rather, children who watched a lot of television were likely to go on to manifest antisocial behaviour and personality traits.”

Other studies have suggested a link between television viewing and antisocial behaviour, though very few have been able to demonstrate a cause-and-effect sequence. This is the first ‘real-life’ study that has asked about TV viewing throughout the whole childhood period, and has looked at a range of antisocial outcomes in adulthood. As an observational study, it cannot prove that watching too much television caused the antisocial outcomes, but the findings are consistent with most of the research and provides further evidence that excessive television can have long-term consequences for behaviour.

“Antisocial behaviour is a major problem for society. While we’re not saying that television causes all antisocial behaviour, our findings do suggest that reducing TV viewing could go some way towards reducing rates of antisocial behaviour in society,” says Associate Professor Hancox.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children should watch no more than 1 to 2 hours of quality television programming each day. The researchers say their findings support the idea that parents should try to limit their children’s television use.

This research emerges from the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study. The Study is run by the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Research Unit, which is supported by the Health Research Council of New Zealand.

University of OTAGO

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Rs. 423 crore HP Mushroom Development project will help in women empowerment: Govt

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Mushroom cultivation in himachal pradesh


Shimla:
The Indian Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance has approved Rs. 1131.87 crore projects for Himachal Pradesh.

These include Rs. 708.87 crore for Water Conservation Project for the Department of Irrigation and Public Health and Rs. 423 crore Himachal Pradesh Integrated Mushroom Development project for the Department of Horticulture.

As per the Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur, an Rs. 423 crore integrated mushroom development project would help to double the income of farmers and provide employment and self-employment opportunities to youth.

The government also expects the project would boost mushroom cultivation in the State. All varieties of mushroom would be cultivated under the project besides importing technical knowledge for cultivating mushroom, which would give a fillip in increasing the income of the farmers, said the government.

The Chief Minister said that this project would also provide an opportunity to the growers of the state to diversify their farming pattern and go for viable and profitable farming avocation.

The mushroom cultivation would also help in women empowerment as more and more women would be motivated to go for mushroom cultivation for increasing their income, thereby making them self-dependent since mushroom cultivation is an indoor activity.

He said the demand for mushrooms is increasing within the state as well as outside the state including export, and it offers better prospects for enterprising growers to take up cultivation on large scale. He announced that modern infrastructure will be developed under the proposed project for controlled cultivation of mushroom round the year.

Further, it was informed that the first phase of the Rs. 4751.24 crore water conservation project worth Rs 708.87 crore will include construction of check dams, ponds, Kuhl’s and other water harvesting structures.

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UHF Nauni, SJVN joins hands to train 800 farmers/orchardist to start own enterprises

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UHF Nauni and SJVNL training farmers in Himachal

Solan: Dr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry (UHF), Nauni, and Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Foundation have come together to provide training and improve the expertise of Himachal farmers, informed Suchet Attri, the Public Relations Officer, UHF.

The objective of the agreement is to motivate the farmers to start their own enterprise by using modern agriculture and horticulture technologies, said the PRO.

The two organisations have inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for one year for Rs 55 lakh under which UHF will be organizing 32 trainings at its main campus and different stations,

said Suchet Attri.

The varsity said under the agreement, it will be organizing trainings of one-week duration for farmers from different districts of the state. Over 800 farmers and orchardists will be trained under this initiative in one year.

The SJVN Foundation will bear the total cost of these trainings. This is the second instance that the UHF’s Directorate of Extension Education has signed this MoU,

Suchet Attri.

The participants will be trained on the various aspects of agriculture and horticulture including the modern technologies used in these fields. This year, the trainees will also get a chance to visit the farms of progressive farmers so that they can acquire firsthand experience and get motivated to start their own ventures, the PRO informed.

The MoU was signed between Avdesh Prasad, SJVN AGM and Dr Vijay Singh Thakur, UHF’s Director of Extension Education. Dr Mai Chand, Joint Director (Training), Dr Anil Sood, Extension Coordinator and Dheeraj Gupta from SJVN were present on the occasion.

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Shimla Police nabs Nigerian man with 25 grams Chitta

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Nigerian man arrested by shimla police with chitta

Shimla: With the assistance of the Delhi Police, the district police has arrested a Nigerian national Kra Basile for alleged involvement in drug peddling to Shimla.

A team led by the Deputy Superintendent of Police, Shimla (City), Dinesh Sharma, also recovered 25 grams of Chitta (heroin) from his possession during questioning.

During the course of interrogation the said Nigerian National was trying to conceal something. On being suspicious of narcotics/ contraband, a search of the above person was conducted in the presence of DSP City. During the search, 25.46 gram Chitta (heroin) has been recovered from the possession of Nigerian National,

said the FIR registered at the Police Station, Dhalli, under Sections 21,29 of the ND&PS Act.

Related Story: Two Shimla youth held with 19 grams Chitta

As per the Sharma, the said accused is believed to be involved in supply to several parts of the district for some time. His name had appeared during the questioning from some local youth allegedly arrested with Chitta during past week, he said.

Following this lead, the police put his number on tracking, and a trap was laid to nab him by posing as a decoy customer.

It is expected that his interrogation would lead to more revelations and arrests of others linked with this network.

Also Read: Story of Shimla youth who started with smoking charas at 17, ended up in jail at 22 as drug peddler

The DSP Sharma and other staff members were cheering considering it a breakthrough amid heavy pressure from the public due to an alarming rise in involvment of youth in drug/substance abuse.

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