Biodiversity of Himachal Pradesh

Himachal leading in UN Biodiversity conservation project implementation: Govt

Himachal’s rich biodiversity consists of about 180 families comprising about 1038 genera and about 3400 species

Shimla: Himachal Pradesh Government claims it has achieved pioneer position in implementation of UN funded Environment Project. The project is being implemented in ten states of the country

The basic objective of this Global Environment Funded Project is to increase the institutional, individual and systemic capacities of stakeholders on access and benefit sharing basis.

Himachal Pradesh has taken a lead in formulating the Biodiversity Management Committees in different Gram Panchayats, and creating awareness among the different stakeholders particularly the representatives of Panchayati Raj institutions in the State, said the government.

In the first phase, the State has formed about 366 such management committees in most biodiversity-rich districts such as Chamba, Kullu, Shimla, Sirmour, Kinnaur and Lahaul-Spiti.

Himachal has received about Rs. 2.32 crore for organization of workshops and awareness programs. So far, 150 awareness and training programs have been organized, claimed the government.

Himachal has also formed a State Biodiversity Board under the Chairmanship of the Additional Chief Secretary Environment, HP Government to implement the provisions of the Biological Diversity Act-2002.

The biodiversity management committees are documenting all the biological diversity available in the respective areas including the traditional knowledge by way of preparing People’s Biodiversity Registers.

So far, at least six People’s Biodiversity Registers have been prepared and work on preparation of about 117 such document registers are in progress in different districts of the State.

Himachal is bestowed with a rich biodiversity. At present, the flora of the State consists of about 180 families comprising about 1038 genera and about 3400 species. Many of the plant species found in the State are of rare in nature which makes this floristic richness even more important.

About 60 medicinal plant species in the State are facing a threat of extinction.

The age-old traditional values attached with the various medicinal plants have gained tremendous importance in the present century as the industries are increasingly using natural ingredients in their products. These natural ingredients include extracts of many medicinal plants.

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