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Bijli Mahadev cleaning campaign by YATN

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On August 5, 2012 YATN, a Kullu based non-profit organization, executed a cleaning campaign to remove the garbage from the surrounding area of the 3 KM Bijli Mahadev trek, used by approximately 10,000 pilgrims and tourist every day in the month of Savan.

Press Release

Yatn is a Volunteer Non government organization Working in the field of Child Education,Environment protection,Health & general awareness.

Bijli Mahadev is one of the sacred temples of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is located at an altitude of about 2,438 m in the Kullu Valley. Located 10 km from Kullu across the Beas River, it can be approached by a rewarding trek of 3 KM. A panoramic view of Kullu and Paravati valleys can be seen from the temple.

The 60 feet high staff of the Bijli Mahadev temple glistens like a silver needle in the sun. In this temple of lightning it is said that the tall staff attracts the divine blessings in the form of lightning. It is believed that the priest of the temple has to restore the Shiva linga placed inside the temple using butter and sattoo after every lightning as it shatters to pieces with a flash of lightning.

This mountain top is not under municipality area that’s why there is the serious problem of garbage collection and disposal. Very few dustbins installed surrounding the temple but they are in bad condition. Most of the garbage is burned by the peoples which create the air pollution problem. So burning the waste is not the final solution to manage garbage. Some of the government agencies did their best to manage the waste every year but not satisfactory. Most of the agencies collect garbage only surrounding the temple area but they did not cover the 3 KM trek. Which is a garbage prone area and there is no any collection system. Kullu based YATN non-profit organization took the steps n August 5, 2012 to collect garbage in this trek. Approximately 10,000 pilgrimages passed through this track every day in Savan month. They bring plastic bottles, snacks and plastic cover commodities. They throw here and there this garbage because there is no provision of dustbins.

YATN found most of the garbage sources are small tea stall on the trek. One day study on garbage by YATN found that 11/2 quintals non-biodegradable waste (NBW). In this waste most of the plastic wrapper and plastic bottle found. According to president of YATN Mr. Gourav Bhardwaj our motive is not only to collect and transport waste but we want to aware pilgrimages. For this purpose 5000 information pamphlets were distributed. Some of the pilgrimages were interviewed and they accept their unawareness for garbage. Some of pilgrimages come forward and collect waste with volunteers. After collecting the solid waste, transportation work was supported by Yuvak Mandel of the Panchayat and some of the pilgrimages help us transport waste to the municipality dumper (truck).

According to the study, people need awareness camps and technique to manage this problem. Peoples knew this was one of the environmental issues which create problem in future. But they don’t have any idea how to dispose this waste. So government agencies and NGO’s should come forward to aware the peoples and save these Eco sensitive high mountain tops. Solid waste is not a problem if peoples know the solution. For the solution of solid waste government agencies and NGO’s should arrange training programs and awareness camps time to time. At last NGO’s member would like to thank all the volunteers and Kullu administration that makes this successful cleaning campaign.

Sent To HW BY:Gaurav Bhardwaj President YATN-NGO Kullu

आज कल सावन महीने में लोग बिजली महादेव के लिए भरी संख्या में जा रहे हें | लोगों को वहां उनकी धार्मिक भावना खींचे लिए जा रही हे |वहां जाने के लिए पड़ने वाले रस्ते खूबसूरत पहाड़ियां वहां का प्राकृतिक सोंदर्य हर किसी को आपनी और आकर्षित करता हे | लेकिन लोगो की गैरजीमेवाराणा हरकत से इस जगह की सोंदार्ता हको ग्रहन लग रहा हे | शिव भगवन के पवित्र दर्शन के लिए जाने वाले लोग एक बार भी नई सोचते की जिस स्थान पे वेह कुरा कचरा फेला रहे हें | वेह एक पवित्र स्थल हे और वेह वहां भगवान् से इसके बदले में आशीर्वाद आशा करते हें
YATN ( YOUTH ASSOCIATION FOR TRANSFORMING NATION)संस्था जो भिविन समाजिक मुदों को ले कर जिला में कार्य कर रही हे | संस्था का एक दल बिजले महादेव के लिए सफाई अभियान हेतु और इसके समाधान हेतु शोध के लिए गया | दल में लगभग २० सदस्यों ने भाग लिया |जिसमे जी बी पंथ के सोदार्थियों ने भी भाग लिया | निशान द्वारा पुरे रस्ते की जी पि एस द्वारा मेपिंग की गई तथा आधिक कूड़ेवाले स्थान का पॉइंट लिया गया |जिससे पुरे रस्ते का एक नक्षा तैयार हो सके | कहाँ पर कितना कूड़ा इकठा हे |दल दुआर मुख्यता चिप्स व् टाफी के रेपर , प्लास्टिक बोतलें आधिक मात्रा में पाई गई जो की बातावरण सबसे आधिक हानिकारक हे | दल द्वारा असी बोरी डेड कविन्टेल कचरा इकठा कर उसे वहां के युवक मंडल व् महिला मंडल के सहयोग से नगरपरिषद की गारी में दल दुम्पिंग साइड के लिए भेजे गई |रस्ते में पड़ने वाले की काफी की दुकानों में सफाई के सन्देश वाले बेनर व् पोस्टर भी लगाए गई | लोगों को इसी से समभंडित पांच हजार पेम्प्लेतास भी बांटे गई |संस्था के अध्यक्ष गौरव भरद्वाज ने बताया की इसका सबसे बड़ा कारन पुरे रस्ते में कूड़े दानो का न होना और लोगो द्वारा इसकी जिमेवारी नहीं लेना मुख्यारूप से हे | संस्था इसको ले कर एक रिपोर्ट बनाए गी | जिसमे इस समस्या से निपटने के सुझाव उपयुक्त मोहोदय को सोम्पेंगे | उन्होंने इसका ठोस आश्वासन दिया हे |

जारी करता
गौरव भरद्वाज
अध्यक्ष TION )संस्था जो भिविन समाजिक मुदों को ले कर जिला में कार्य कर रही हे | संस्था का एक दल बिजले महादेव के लिए सफाई अभियान हेतु और इसके समाधान हेतु शोध के लिए गया | दल में लगभग २० सदस्यों ने भाग लिया |जिसमे जी बी पंथ के सोदार्थियों ने भी भाग लिया | निशान द्वारा पुरे रस्ते की जी पि एस द्वारा मेपिंग की गई तथा आधिक कूड़ेवाले स्थान का पॉइंट लिया गया |जिससे पुरे रस्ते का एक नक्षा तैयार हो सके | कहाँ पर कितना कूड़ा इकठा हे |दल दुआर मुख्यता चिप्स व् टाफी के रेपर , प्लास्टिक बोतलें आधिक मात्रा में पाई गई जो की बातावरण सबसे आधिक हानिकारक हे | दल द्वारा असी बोरी डेड कविन्टेल कचरा इकठा कर उसे वहां के युवक मंडल व् महिला मंडल के सहयोग से नगरपरिषद की गारी में दल दुम्पिंग साइड के लिए भेजे गई |रस्ते में पड़ने वाले की काफी की दुकानों में सफाई के सन्देश वाले बेनर व् पोस्टर भी लगाए गई | लोगों को इसी से समभंडित पांच हजार पेम्प्लेतास भी बांटे गई |संस्था के अध्यक्ष गौरव भरद्वाज ने बताया की इसका सबसे बड़ा कारन पुरे रस्ते में कूड़े दानो का न होना और लोगो द्वारा इसकी जिमेवारी नहीं लेना मुख्यारूप से हे | संस्था इसको ले कर एक रिपोर्ट बनाए गी | जिसमे इस समस्या से निपटने के सुझाव उपयुक्त मोहोदय को सोम्पेंगे | उन्होंने इसका ठोस आश्वासन दिया हे
जारी करता
गौरव भरद्वाज
अध्यक्ष YATN ( YOUTH ASSOCIATION FOR TRANSFORMING NATION) KULLU )
Sent To HW BY:Gaurav Bhardwaj President YATN-NGO Kullu

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Himachal Counts 108,578 Waterbirds of 96 Species This Year With Increase in Habitat

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Annual Bird Count in Himachal Pradesh 2021

Shimla-The habitat of migratory and resident water-birds in Himachal Pradesh has gradually improved, said Forest Minister Rakesh Pathania.

The annual water-bird count at Pong Dam Lake Wildlife Sanctuary was conducted in the first of February, 2021 and the exercise was conducted under restrained conditions due to the prevailing Avian Influenza outbreak in Pong Dam Lake as well as the COVID-19 Pandemic, he said.

The exercise was conducted by Wildlife wing of Himachal Pradesh by deploying 57 staff members in 26 sections of the sanctuary for counting the water-dependent birds.

Total 108,578 birds of 96 species were counted during this year. Out of the total number, 101,431 of 51 species are water-dependent migratory birds and 6,433 of 29 species are water-dependent resident birds. As many as 714 birds of 16 other species were also recorded. The total population of the flagship species, Bar-Headed Geese, is 40,570.

The other species which have higher population count during this year are Eurasian Coot (24,163), Northern Pintail (12,702), Common Teal (8,444), Little Cormorant (3,649), Great Cormorant (3,410), Grey Lag Goose (2,297), Northern Shoveler (2,275) and Common Pochard (2,138). The species which find noticeable mention are Red Necked Grebe, Great Bittern, Lesser White-Fronted Goose, Red Crested Pochard, Ferruginous Pochard, Pied Avocet, Northern Lapwing, Peregrine Falcon etc. During the counting exercise, one Bar-headed Goose and one Grey Lag Goose with collars were also spotted.

This year the Annual bird count exercise assumes significance, considering the Avian Influenza outbreak in the Wildlife Sanctuary. Further, the Minister expressed satisfaction over the timely and effective containment measures taken by Wildlife Wing to control and contain Avian Influenza outbreak in the Wildlife Sanctuary.

PCCF (Wildlife) Archana Sharma and CCF Wildlife (North) Dharamshala Upasana Patial also participated and supervised the Annual Water Bird Count.

The total population of birds, as well as number of species, counted this year are marginally less as compared to last year, probably due to the impact of Avian Influenza outbreak which was first reported on 28th December 2020.

Although the total population of water birds declined during the peak of the Avian Influenza outbreak, there is a gradual increase in the total population of birds, the Minister informed.

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Himachal First State to Complete Assessment of Snow Leopard and its Wild Prey

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Snow Leopard Population Assessment in Himachal Pradesh

Shimla-The assessment of snow leopard population in Himachal Pradesh has been completed by the state wildlife wing in collaboration with Nature Conservation Foundation (NCF) Bangalore following the protocol aligning with the SPAI (Snow Leopard Population Assessment in India) protocols of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. Himachal Pradesh has become the first state to complete assessment of snow leopard and its wild prey.

The state has an estimated population of up to 73 snow leopards.

It is the first scientifically robust estimate of snow leopards and its prey for the State. Since snow leopard is the state animal, the study assumes great significance for Himachal Pradesh.
The exercise revealed that snow leopard density ranged from 0.08 to 0.37 individuals per 100 sq.km., with the trans-Himalayan regions of Spiti, Pin valley and upper Kinnaur recording the highest densities, both of the predator and its prey, mainly ibex and blue sheep.

This study covered the entire potential snow leopard habitat of Himachal Pradesh: an area of 26,112 sq.km., utilising a stratified sampling design. Camera trapping surveys were conducted at 10 sites to representatively sample all the strata i.e. high, low and unknown. The camera trap deployment over the mountainous terrains was led by a team of eight local youth of Kibber village and more than 70 frontline staff of HPFD were trained in this technique as part of the project. Snow leopards were detected at all the 10 sites (Bhaga, Chandra, Bharmour, Kullu, Miyar, Pin, Baspa, Tabo, Hangrang & Spiti) suggesting that snow leopards are found in the entire snow leopard habitat in Himachal Pradesh either as resident individuals of a population or as dispersing individuals navigating through these connecting habitats.

Another revelation from the study is that a bulk of snow leopard occurrence is outside protected areas, reiterating the fact that local communities are the strongest allies for conservation in snow leopard landscapes.

The NCF and wildlife wing collaborated in the effort and it took three years to complete the assessment. MoEFCC had launched the First National Protocol on Snow Leopard Population Assessment in India, on the occasion of International Snow Leopard Day. You can read the complete protocol here.

Snow leopard is the icon of high mountains of Asia. In India, they inhabit the higher Himalayan and TransHimalayan landscape in an altitudinal range between approximately 3,000 m to 5,400 m above MSL, spanning c. 100,000 km2 in the five states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. This area contributes to about 5% of the global snow leopard range.

Snow leopards occur over a vast, relatively remote and difficult to access mountainous area. Together with their elusive nature, this makes a complete population census of snow leopards an unfeasible goal. Even their distribution remains unclear. For example, recent surveys show that they do not occur in 25 % of the area that was thought to be their range in the state of Himachal Pradesh Their density is expected to be variable in space, dependent on several factors such as habitat suitability, prey availability, disturbance and connectivity. Variation in density across space also poses the risk of biased sampling, and, indeed, most of the snow leopard population assessments conducted so far across the world are biased towards the best habitats.

Feature Photo: Pexels/Charles Miller

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Himachal Gets First Fully Automated ‘Doppler Weather Radar’, Would Provide More Accurate Short Range Forecast

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Dopper Weather Radar in Himachal Pradesh's Kufari

Shimla-India Meteorological Department (IMD) January 15, 2021, celebrated its 146th Foundation Day. IMD is one of the oldest, scientific service organizations in the country, in existence well before Independence.

On the occasion, Dr. Harsh Vardhan inaugurated Doppler Weather Radars at Mukteshwar, Uttarakhand and Kufri, Himachal Pradesh; Multi-Mission Meteorological Data Receiving and Processing System in IMD in collaboration with ISRO (MMDRPS).

According to the IMD, these modernized Radars would give a more specific short-range weather forecast.

It’s pertinent to mention that accurate and advance weather information is of utmost importance to Himachal Pradesh – a state largely dependent on agriculture and tourism.

The one installed in Kufari, Shimla, is Indigenous dual polarised X-Band Doppler Weather Radar. Two more Radars would be installed at Mandi and Dalhousie in Chamba district of the State. A site had already been finalized at Mandi and a site for Radar at Dalhousie would be finalized soon, the State Government informed.

This specific type of Radar uses the Doppler effect to gather velocity data. The Radar transmits a signal, which gets reflected when hits a raindrop. Based on the changes in the frequency of the reflected signal, data is obtained about the motion of droplets and intensity of the precipitation. Scientists can analyze this data to determine the structure and severity of storms.

Radar installed at Kufri is on test mode for a period of two weeks. Thereafter its data would be used for forecasting purposes. This Radar has a range upto 100 kilometres in radial distance. It would observe and provide the weather data of 100 kilometres in all directions, which would be used for forecasting purpose, especially for the short-range forecast. More précised area-specific weather forecast and warning can be issued for a particular place, for the weather phenomenon like thunderstorm, lighting, hailstorm, heavy rainfall/snowfall, gusty winds etc.    

This Centre would help the horticulturists and farmers of the State by providing them with accurate weather information.

The DWR Kufri would run round the clock and it is fully automatic. It would transmit the data in various digital format and picture form.

 Forecasting monsoons is the lifeline to India’s food security and affect the economy as the nation’s GDP is dependent on agriculture. Moreover, weather prediction is critical to reducing the loss of lives from various extreme events like a cyclone, heavy rain, thunderstorm, heatwave and cold wave, monsoonal floods and droughts.

India Meteorological Department says that it is modernizing its observational network in the Central and Western Himalayas by the installation of Doppler Weather Radars in a phased manner, at different locations.

IMD said that this radar will be providing severe weather information to the weather forecasters, thus, improving the safety of the public in the states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. It will also provide support to the disaster managers and the pilgrims undertaking the pilgrimage to Kailash Manasarovar and Char Dham yatra. 

 

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